Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   124 species

Zelotes erebeus  (Thorell, 1871)

Description

Tibial apophysis slightly S-shaped. Embolus spirally twisted. Keel with long, fine tip. Epigyne with ear-like structures, distance between them = length of cuticular bars. Prosoma black. Opisthosoma black, with scuticula.

Body length male: 5.6-7.3 mm
Body length female: 5.6-9.5 mm
Additional information

In open and xerothermic locations (vineyards, rocky steppes, dry meadows), up to 1200 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: records from European Russia should be verified (cf. Zelotes khostensis)
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, Turkey
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova et al., 2021) |||
References

Akpınar A, Varol M İ, El-Hennawy H K (2016) New records to the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae: Eutichuridae, Gnaphosidae). Serket 15: 41-43 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Jézéquel J F (1962a) Contribution à l'étude des Zelotes femelles (Araneida, Labidognatha, Drassodidae "Gnaphosidae") de la fauna française. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft (Zool. Anz.) 25(Suppl.): 519-532 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Miller F (1967) Studien über die Kopulationsorgane der Spinnengattung Zelotes, Micaria, Robertus und Dipoena nebst Beschreibung einiger neuen oder unvollkommen bekannten Spinnenarten. Přírodovědné práce ústavů Československé Akademie Věd v Brně (N.S.) 1: 251-298 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Gnelitsa V, Terekhova V, Iosypchuk A (2021) New and rare spider species (Arachnida, Araneae) from Ukraine. Zoodiversity 55: 95-112 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Rozwałka R, Rutkowski T, Sienkiewicz P, Zawal A (2016a) Zelotes erebeus (Thorell, 1871) (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) in Poland and its distribution in Europe. Entomologica Fennica 27: 1-7 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
02-05-2021 Image insert
01-05-2021 Distribution insert Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
18-01-2017 Image insert
06-12-2016 Datasheet update Detail
06-12-2016 Distribution update Detail
14-06-2016 Distribution update Detail
01-12-2013 Distribution update Detail