Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   124 species

Zelotes gallicus  Simon, 1914

Description

Male palp with keel, partly covered by distal part of bulbus. Tibial apophysis retrolaterally and sword-shaped. Embolus short and robust. Epigyne with median protrusion of posterior cuticular ridge, overlapping lateral protrusion posteriorly. Prosoma red to black-brown, oval, with dark marginal band. Opisthosoma red to black-brown, with dark scuticula.

Body length male: 5.3-6.6 mm
Body length female: 5.9-8.4 mm
Additional information

Similar to Z. clivicola; see also Grimm (1985): f. 283, 297-298.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Caucasus needs verification (Otto 2015), no record for Bulgaria (Deltshev 2017 in litt.).
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Kazakhstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae).
[N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Di Franco F (2002) New data on four little-known species of the genus Zelotes Gistel, 1848 (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 196-200 pdf

Esyunin S L, Efimik V E (1997) Remarks on the Ural spider fauna, 6. New data on the taxonomy and faunistics of gnaphosid spiders of the south Urals (Arachnida Aranei Gnaphosidae). Arthropoda Selecta 5(3/4): 105-111 pdf

Grimm U (1985) Die Gnaphosidae Mitteleuropas (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 26: 1-318 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 379-393 pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. pdf

Senglet A (2004) Copulatory mechanisms in Zelotes, Drassyllus and Trachyzelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae), with additional faunistic and taxonomic data on species from southwest Europe. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 77: 87-119 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
01-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
05-02-2015 Image insert
25-06-2013 Image insert