Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   125 species

Zelotes gallicus  Simon, 1914

Description

Male palp with keel, partly covered by distal part of bulbus. Tibial apophysis retrolaterally and sword-shaped. Embolus short and robust. Epigyne with median protrusion of posterior cuticular ridge, overlapping lateral protrusion posteriorly. Prosoma red to black-brown, oval, with dark marginal band. Opisthosoma red to black-brown, with dark scuticula.

Body length male: 5.3-6.6 mm
Body length female: 5.9-8.4 mm
Additional information

Similar to Z. clivicola.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: records from Belarus, Caucasus, S-Urals and Kazakhstan need to be verified; no record for Bulgaria (Deltshev 2017 in litt.).
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Europe, Kazakhstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019; Senglet, 2004) ||| Belarus   (Zhukovets, 2017) ||| Belgium   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 2017) ||| Bulgaria  Removed (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| France   (Senglet, 2004) ||| Germany   (Blick et al., 2016) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Russia, Eastern   (Esyunin & Efimik, 1997) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022; Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2019a) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019; Senglet, 2004) ||| Switzerland   (Maurer & Hänggi, 1990) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Blick T, Finch O-D, Harms K H, Kiechle J, Kielhorn K-H , Kreuels M, Malten A, Martin D, Muster C, Nährig D, Platen R, Rödel I, Scheidler M, Staudt A, Stumpf H, Tolke D (2016) Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Spinnen (Arachnida: Araneae) Deutschlands. 3. Fassung, Stand April 2008, einzelne Änderungen und Nachträge bis August 2015. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 70/4: 383-510 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer K (2017) Een herziene soortenlijst van de Belgische spinnen (Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 32: 39-69 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Di Franco F (2002) New data on four little-known species of the genus Zelotes Gistel, 1848 (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 196-200 pdf

Esyunin S L, Efimik V E (1997) Remarks on the Ural spider fauna, 6. New data on the taxonomy and faunistics of gnaphosid spiders of the south Urals (Arachnida Aranei Gnaphosidae). Arthropoda Selecta 5(3/4): 105-111 pdf

Grimm U (1985) Die Gnaphosidae Mitteleuropas (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 26: 1-318 pdf

Maurer R, Hänggi A (1990) Katalog der schweizerischen Spinnen. Documenta Faunistica Helvetiae 12 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 379-393 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2019a) A review of spiders of the genus Zelotes Gistel, 1848 of the subterraneus-group (Aranei: Gnaphosidae) from the Caucasus and Ciscaucasia. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 15: 3-22 pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. pdf

Senglet A (2004) Copulatory mechanisms in Zelotes, Drassyllus and Trachyzelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae), with additional faunistic and taxonomic data on species from southwest Europe. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 77: 87-119 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zhukovets E M (2017) [Spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of the Belovezhskaya Pushcha]. Riftur Print, Minsk, 272 pp. [N.B.: presumably publ. in Jan. 2019] pdf

Updates
08-03-2022 Distribution update Detail
08-03-2022 Image insert
08-03-2022 Distribution insert Detail
01-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
05-02-2015 Image insert
25-06-2013 Image insert