Zodariidae  Thorell, 1881 / Zodarion  Walckenaer, 1826   126 species

Zodarion frenatum  Simon, 1884

Description
Male

Embolus nearly semicircular. Tibial apophysis long, straight, with blunt tip. Prosoma yellowish brown, eye region and V-shaped spot near cephalic part dark brown. Femora I-II dark brown, with lateral yellowish orange streaks, all other segments, as well as legs III-IV yellowish orange. Opisthosoma: dorsum purplish brown, subterminal elongated spot, with oblique lateral stripes, venter cream white.

Body length male: 2.8-3.6 mm
Female

Epigyne: median plate whitish, oval, bordered by a semi-circular, hardly chitinised suture. Vulva: spermathecae small, bilobed. Colouration as in males.

Body length female: 3.6-5.6 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Italy, Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R (2009) Revision of the genus Zodarion Walckenaer, 1833, part III. South East Europe and Turkey (Araneae: Zodariidae). Contributions to Natural History 12: 211-295 pdf

Brignoli P M (1984b) Ragni di Grecia XII. Nuovi dati su varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91: 281-321 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
05-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
30-04-2013 Image insert