Anapidae  Simon, 1895 / Zangherella  Caporiacco, 1949   3 species

Zangherella relicta  (Kratochvil, 1935)


Characters as in female, but opisthosoma with a dorsal and a ventral scutum.

Body length male: 1.2 mm

Very similar to Z. apuliae. Prosoma reddish brown. Eyes: PME less than one diameter apart, and 2 diameters from PLE, lateral eyes contiguous. Clypeus as high as the length of chelicerae. Tarsus I with 4 short strong prolateral spines. Opisthosoma whitish, without scutum.

Body length female: 1.4 mm
Additional information

In caves. Strongly modified anapid orb web, similar to Comaroma simoni.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Montenegro, Bulgaria
Distribution List
Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Serbia   (no references) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M, Stoev P (2011a) A survey of spiders (Araneae) inhabiting the euedaphic soil stratum and the superficial underground compartment in Bulgaria. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 40: 33-46 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1980d) Über europäische Symphytognathidae (Arach.: Araneae). Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 23: 259-273 pdf

18-12-2014 Image insert