Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Icius  Simon, 1876   8 species

Icius hamatus  (C. L. Koch, 1846)


Prosoma dorsally rusty brown, black margin with white hairs, white hairs in front and laterally. Triangular white areas anteriorly and posteriorly of fovea. Sides anteriorly light orange, retrolateral edges brown with black hairs. Opisthosoma dorsally with dark stain pattern with dense orange hairs and three white longitudinal bands, laterally with dark longitudinal band. Palp red-brown, tip of cymbium lighter, tegulum dark brown.

Body length male: 5.4 mm

Prosoma as in male, but with light grey hairs. Opisthosoma dorsally beige with beige-orange-black hairs and lateral reticulate pattern which is getting darker posteriomedially.

Body length female: 5.1-6.5 mm
Additional information

Common in citrus groves

  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Atlantic Is., North Africa, Southern Europe, Turkey, introduced to Central Europe

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitt schweiz Ent Ges 87: 215-228

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Mestre L, Piñol J, Barrientos J A, Cama A, Espadaler X (2012) Effects of ant competition and bird predation on the spider assemblage of a citrus grove. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 355-362

Metzner H (1999) Die Springspinnen (Araneae, Salticidae) Griechenlands. Andrias 14: 1-279 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Rozwałka R, Rutkowski T, Bielak-Bielecki P (2017a) New data on introduced and rare synanthropic spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) in Poland (II). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin-Polonia 71: 59-85 pdf

Schäfer M (2015) Ein Beitrag zur Springspinnenfauna der Balearen mit dem Erstnachweis von Heliophanus stylifer für Europa (Araneae, Salticidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 49: 62-67

Schäfer M, Deepen-Wieczorek A (2014) Erstnachweis der Springspinne Icius hamatus (Salticidae, Araneae) für Deutschland. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 47: 49-50

Stankovic B (2010) Two new species of Salticidae (Aranea) for the fauna of Serbia. Bull Nat Hist Mus 3: 133-136

Stankovic B (2012) Contribution to the knowledge of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from vicinity of Jagodina, Central Serbia. Biologica Nyssana 3: 37-42

Stankovic B (unpubl.)

Tomasiewicz B, Wesolowska W (2006) Icius hamatus (Salticidae, Araneae) in Poland? Polskie Pismo ent 75: 339-342

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

16-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
28-08-2017 Distribution update Old value
16-08-2017 Image insert
16-08-2017 Distribution update Old value
04-04-2017 Distribution update Old value
19-07-2016 Datasheet update Old value
24-07-2015 Distribution update Old value
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03-06-2014 Distribution update Old value
10-12-2013 Distribution update Old value