Salticidae  Blackwall, 1841 / Icius  Simon, 1876   8 species

Icius hamatus  (C. L. Koch, 1846)

Description
Male

Prosoma dorsally rusty brown, black margin with white hairs, white hairs in front and laterally. Triangular white areas anteriorly and posteriorly of fovea. Sides anteriorly light orange, retrolateral edges brown with black hairs. Opisthosoma dorsally with dark stain pattern with dense orange hairs and three white longitudinal bands, laterally with dark longitudinal band. Palp red-brown, tip of cymbium lighter, tegulum dark brown.

Body length male: 5.4 mm
Female

Prosoma as in male, but with light grey hairs. Opisthosoma dorsally beige with beige-orange-black hairs and lateral reticulate pattern which is getting darker posteriomedially.

Body length female: 5.1-6.5 mm
Additional information

Common in citrus groves

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Atlantic Is., North Africa, Southern Europe, Turkey, China. Introduced to Central Europe
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Deltshev et al., 2011b) ||| Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Libya   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Malta   (Pfliegler et al., 2017) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Serbia   (Stanković, 2010) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) |||
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breitling R (2020) South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18: 333-362 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144 pdf

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 87: 215-228 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Mestre L, Piñol J, Barrientos J A, Cama A, Espadaler X (2012) Effects of ant competition and bird predation on the spider assemblage of a citrus grove. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 355-362 pdf

Metzner H (1999) Die Springspinnen (Araneae, Salticidae) Griechenlands. Andrias 14: 1-279 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Rozwałka R, Rutkowski T, Bielak-Bielecki P (2017a) New data on introduced and rare synanthropic spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) in Poland (II). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, Lublin-Polonia 71: 59-85 pdf

Schäfer M (2015) Ein Beitrag zur Springspinnenfauna der Balearen mit dem Erstnachweis von Heliophanus stylifer für Europa (Araneae, Salticidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 49: 62-67 pdf

Schäfer M, Deepen-Wieczorek A (2014) Erstnachweis der Springspinne Icius hamatus (Salticidae, Araneae) für Deutschland. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 47: 49-50 pdf

Stanković B (2010) Two new species of Salticidae (Aranea) for the fauna of Serbia. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum 3: 133-136 pdf

Stanković B (2012) Contribution to the knowledge of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from vicinity of Jagodina, Central Serbia. Biologica Nyssana 3: 37-42 pdf

Stanković B (unpubl.) .

Tomasiewicz B, Wesołowska W (2006) Icius hamatus (Salticidae, Araneae) in Poland? Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 75: 339-342 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-07-2020 Image insert
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-05-2018 Distribution update Detail
28-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
16-08-2017 Image insert
16-08-2017 Distribution update Detail
04-04-2017 Distribution update Detail
19-07-2016 Datasheet update Detail
24-07-2015 Distribution update Detail
05-01-2015 Distribution update Detail
03-06-2014 Distribution update Detail
10-12-2013 Distribution update Detail