Hahniidae  Bertkau, 1878 / Iberina  Simon, 1881   5 species

Iberina difficilis  (Harm, 1966)


Vulva with very small, longish stalked median receptacula seminis. Distance between primary receptacula seminis more than their diameter. Prosoma reddish brown, with spots. Opisthosoma blackish grey with indistinct chevrons.

Body length male: 1.4-2 mm
Body length female: 1.4-2 mm
Additional information

In mountain forests

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): France, Italy, Central Europe, Romania, Bulgaria
 male  female
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Naumova et al., 2021) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Poland   (Wiśniewski et al., 2013) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||

Harm M (1966) Die deutschen Hahniidae (Arach., Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 47: 345-370 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Naumova M, Blagoev G, Deltshev D (2021) Fifty spider species new to the Bulgarian fauna, with a review of some dubious species (Arachnida: Araneae). Zootaxa 4984: 228-257 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Růžička V (2022) A review of the spider genus Iberina (Araneae, Hahniidae). Zootaxa 5133: 555-566 pdf

Wiśniewski K, Rozwałka R, Wesołowska W (2013) The first record of Hahnia difficilis Harm, 1966 (Araneae, Hahniidae) in Poland. Fragmenta Faunistica 56: 55-63 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

06-05-2022 Image insert
13-06-2021 Image insert
10-06-2021 Distribution insert Detail
29-07-2020 Image insert
29-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
13-05-2014 Distribution update Detail