Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   30 species

Enoplognatha penelope  Hippa & Oksala, 1982

Description
Male

Similar to E. latimana and E. ovata, but distinguished by the male palp, size of E. penelope is larger. Prosoma 2.7 mm long.

Female

Similar to E. latimana and E. ovata, but distinguished by the epigyne, size of E. penelope is larger. Prosoma 2.3 mm long. Opisthosoma with 6 dorsal pairs of black spots. There are no reddish opisthosomal markings.

Additional information

In herb along river, in dried up river, grasslands and mixed forests.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hippa H, Oksala I (1982) Definition and revision of the Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck) group (Araneae, Theridiidae). Ent Scand 13: 213-222

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
23-10-2014 Image insert
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value
12-07-2013 Distribution update Old value