Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   30 species

Enoplognatha penelope  Hippa & Oksala, 1982

Description
Male

Similar to E. latimana and E. ovata, but distinguished by the male palp, size of E. penelope is larger. Prosoma 2.7 mm long.

Female

Similar to E. latimana and E. ovata, but distinguished by the epigyne, size of E. penelope is larger. Prosoma 2.3 mm long. Opisthosoma with 6 dorsal pairs of black spots. There are no reddish opisthosomal markings.

Additional information

In herb along river, in dried up river, grasslands and mixed forests.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Albania, Bulgaria, Greece (incl. Crete), Cyprus
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Kůrka et al., 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (Buchholz, 2013) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Buchholz S (2013) Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53 pdf

Hippa H, Oksala I (1982) Definition and revision of the Enoplognatha ovata (Clerck) group (Araneae, Theridiidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 13: 213-222 pdf

Kůrka A, Naumova M, Indzhov S, Deltshev C (2020) New faunistic and taxonomic data on the spider fauna of Albania (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 59: 8-21 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
29-04-2020 Distribution update Detail
29-04-2020 Distribution insert Detail
23-10-2014 Image insert
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
12-07-2013 Distribution update Detail