Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   30 species

Enoplognatha mediterranea  Levy & Amitai, 1981

Description
Male

Prosoma 1.3-1.5 mm long. Colouration as in female. Chelicerae with 2 strong teeth, basal tooth larger, with some denticles.

Body length male: 3.1-4.4 mm
Female

Epigyne with transverse, bridge-like structure. Prosoma dark to light brown with darker edges. Prosoma 1.3-1.7 mm long. Legs brown, segments apically darker, femur I 1.3 times as long as prosoma. Opisthosoma grey to black, usually with 4 dorsal white spots, ventral black.

Body length female: 3-5 mm
Additional information

Under stones.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Azerbaijan, Iran
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999; Bosmans & Chatzaki, 2005) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2022) |||
References

Bosmans R, Chatzaki M (2005) A catalogue of the spiders of Greece – a critical review of all spider species cited from Greece with their localities. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische arachnologische Vereniging 20 (2, suppl.): 1-124 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J (1999) The genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 in the Mediterranean region (Araneae: Theridiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 209-241 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2022) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2022 [last updated 24 August 2022], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Gündüz G, Gharkhloo M M, Yağmur E A (2022) Additional records for Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833 in Iran (Araneae: Theridiidae). Biharean Biologist 16: 1-5 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zamani A, Nadolny A A, Esyunin S L, Marusik Y M (2022a) New data on the spider fauna of Iran (Arachnida: Araneae), part IX. Arachnology 19: 358-384 pdf

Updates
07-07-2022 Image insert
07-07-2022 Distribution update Detail
13-06-2022 Image insert