Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   26 species

Enoplognatha giladensis  (Levy & Amitai, 1982)


Prosoma 1.4-1.6 mm long. Colouration as in female. Chelicerae not enlarged, without large teeth, but with 3 promargin teeth and one retromargin tooth.

Body length male: 2.9-3.3 mm

Epigyne: 2 crescent-shaped openings on a plump lip-like extension over edges of epigastric furrow. Prosoma light brown with dark radiating lines. Prosoma 1-2.2 mm long. Sternum uniform yellow-brown. Chelicerae with 3 teeth on promargin and one tooth on retromargin. Femur I about 1.1 times as long as prosoma. Opisthosoma grey, sometimes with faint pattern of pale grey markings. Colulus relatively large, bearing 2 setae at base.

Body length female: 2.7-5 mm
Additional information

In pine forests, hill slopes with oaks, mixed forests, scrub, grassland in olive grove and under stones. Egg sacs white, spherical, woolly, about 4 mm in diameter, containing about 15 eggs.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Greece (Rhodes), Turkey, Israel, Azerbaijan
 male  female

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Huseynov E F, Marusik Y M (2008) Spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Azerbaijan 3. Survey of the genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Theridiidae). Arthropoda Selecta 16: 153-167

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78 (2): 411-442

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Nuruyeva T V (2017) The fauna of soil-dwelling spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) in forest stands of dry-steppe lowmountains of Gobustan, Azerbaijan. Euroasian Entomological Journal 16: 306-310 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

09-04-2019 Image insert
09-04-2019 Distribution update Old value