Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Enoplognatha  Pavesi, 1880   30 species

Enoplognatha giladensis  (Levy & Amitai, 1982)


Prosoma 1.4-1.6 mm long. Colouration as in female. Chelicerae not enlarged, without large teeth, but with 3 promargin teeth and one retromargin tooth.

Body length male: 2.9-3.3 mm

Epigyne: 2 crescent-shaped openings on a plump lip-like extension over edges of epigastric furrow. Prosoma light brown with dark radiating lines. Prosoma 1-2.2 mm long. Sternum uniform yellow-brown. Chelicerae with 3 teeth on promargin and one tooth on retromargin. Femur I about 1.1 times as long as prosoma. Opisthosoma grey, sometimes with faint pattern of pale grey markings. Colulus relatively large, bearing 2 setae at base.

Body length female: 2.7-5 mm
Additional information

In pine forests, hill slopes with oaks, mixed forests, scrub, grassland in olive grove and under stones. Egg sacs white, spherical, woolly, about 4 mm in diameter, containing about 15 eggs.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Greece (Rhodes), Turkey, Israel, Azerbaijan
 male  female
Distribution List
Azerbaijan   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) |||

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at pdf

Huseynov E F, Marusik Y M (2008) Spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Azerbaijan 3. Survey of the genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Theridiidae). Arthropoda Selecta 16: 153-167 pdf

Knoflach B, Thaler K (2000) Notes on Mediterranean Theridiidae (Araneae)-I. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 411-442 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Nuruyeva T V (2017) The fauna of soil-dwelling spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) in forest stands of dry-steppe lowmountains of Gobustan, Azerbaijan. Euroasian Entomological Journal 16: 306-310 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

09-04-2019 Image insert
09-04-2019 Distribution update Detail