Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Dysdera  Latreille, 1804   176 species

Dysdera westringi  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872

Description
Male

Bulb 1.2 mm long. Prosoma 3.4 mm long.

Female

Prosoma dark brown to blackish, covered with unequal and irregular punctures. Prosoma 4.1 mm long. Eyes: posteriors equal in size, anteriors less than one diameter apart, larger than posteriors. Legs: femur III spineless or with one dorsal spine, femur IV spineless or with one to 3 spines, tibia III with 6 or more spines, tibia IV and posterior metatarsus with numerous spines.

Additional information

In pine forests, fields, calcareous rocks, usually under stones, also under bark. Altitude up to 1800 m.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Spain and Italy: no record (Branco et al. 2019, Pantini & Isaia 2018)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes probably all the year.
Figures
Distribution List
Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Deeleman-Reinhold C L, Deeleman P R (1988) Revision des Dysderinae (Araneae, Dysderidae), les espèces mediterranéennes occidentales exceptées. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 131: 141-269 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
17-07-2019 Distribution update Detail
29-12-2014 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail