Mimetidae  Simon, 1881 / Ero  C. L. Koch, 1837   8 species

Ero aphana  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Description

Cymbium oval, flat with retrolateral hook-like process. Conductor with a prolateral furrow, additionally round at the end. Embolus originates proximally and ends distally convoluted. Paracymbium with 3-4 pointed processes. Epigyne with circular copulatory openings separated by a slender septum. The entrance ducts diverge strongly and end in large, round receptacula. Mostly bright coloured species, whitish to light grey with numerous brown and black spots on entire body, sometimes also appearing dark due to fusion of larger, red brown spots. Opisthosoma with 4 tubercles on the back.

Body length male: 2.5 mm
Body length female: 3-4.2 mm
Additional information

On bushes at coniferous forest edges, mostly in warmer areas.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Central Asia), Kazakhstan. Introduced to St. Helena, Réunion, Japan (Ryukyu Is.), China, Philippines, Australia (Queensland, Western Australia)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Demircan N, Topçu A (2016) First records for spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 15: 85-91 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lissner J, Scharff N (2017) Danish Spiders. Online at http://www.danmarks-edderkopper.dk

Merrett P, Snazell R G (1975) New and rare British spiders. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 3: 106-112

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Thaler K, van Harten A, Knoflach B (2004) Pirate spiders of the genus Ero C.L. Koch from southern Europe, Yemen, and Ivory Coast, with two new species (Arachnida, Araneae, Mimetidae). Denisia 13: 359-368

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
16-05-2018 Distribution update Old value
24-01-2017 Distribution update Old value