Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   144 species

Harpactea catholica  (Brignoli, 1984)


Embolus thick, transverse. Conductor finger-shaped, projecting in opposite direction to the embolus. Prosoma reddish light brown. Prosoma 2.2-3.1 mm long. Sternum yellow. Legs yellow; tibia I-II and metatarsus I-II with ventral spines. Opisthosoma light grey to yellow, long and slender


Vulva with inverted Y-shaped spermatheca. Prosoma yellowish, cephalic part darker. Prosoma 2.8 mm long. Eyes small, ringed with black, anteriors one diameter apart. Legs yellowish, anterior tibia and metatarsus with ventral spines, femur I with 2 to 5 spines, femur II with 2 to 6 spines, femur III and IV with numerous spines.

Body length female: 8.2 mm
Additional information

Habitat: Pinus, Cupressus and Quercusforests of western Crete, from 500 m to 1200 m a.s.l. This species has anterior tibia and metatarsus with ventral spines, this is exceptional in the genus Harpactea. In caves, also in pine forests, under stones.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Greece (Crete)
 male  female
sometimes in December
Distribution List
Greece / Crete   ( no references ) |||

Brignoli P M (1984b) Ragni di Grecia XII. Nuovi dati su varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91: 281-321 pdf

Chatzaki M, Arnedo M A (2006) Taxonomic revision of the epigean representatives of the spider subfamily Harpacteinae (Araneae: Dysderidae) on the island of Crete. Zootaxa 1169: 1-32

Gasparo F (2011) Una nuova Harpactea cavernicola di Creta (Araneae, Dysderidae). Atti Memorie Commissione Grotte "E. Boegan" 43: 57-65

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

30-04-2013 Image insert