Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   141 species

Harpactea catholica  (Brignoli, 1984)

Description
Male

Embolus thick, transverse. Conductor finger-shaped, projecting in opposite direction to the embolus. Prosoma reddish light brown. Prosoma 2.2-3.1 mm long. Sternum yellow. Legs yellow; tibia I-II and metatarsus I-II with ventral spines. Opisthosoma light grey to yellow, long and slender

Female

Vulva with inverted Y-shaped spermatheca. Prosoma yellowish, cephalic part darker. Prosoma 2.8 mm long. Eyes small, ringed with black, anteriors one diameter apart. Legs yellowish, anterior tibia and metatarsus with ventral spines, femur I with 2 to 5 spines, femur II with 2 to 6 spines, femur III and IV with numerous spines.

Body length female: 8.2 mm
Additional information

Habitat: Pinus, Cupressus and Quercusforests of western Crete, from 500 m to 1200 m a.s.l. This species has anterior tibia and metatarsus with ventral spines, this is exceptional in the genus Harpactea. In caves, also in pine forests, under stones.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Greece (Crete)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
sometimes in December
Figures
References

Brignoli P M (1984b) Ragni di Grecia XII. Nuovi dati su varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91: 281-321

Chatzaki M, Arnedo M A (2006) Taxonomic revision of the epigean representatives of the spider subfamily Harpacteinae (Araneae: Dysderidae) on the island of Crete. Zootaxa 1169: 1-32

Gasparo F (2011) Una nuova Harpactea cavernicola di Creta (Araneae, Dysderidae). Atti Memorie Commissione Grotte "E. Boegan" 43: 57-65

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
30-04-2013 Image insert