Gnaphosidae  Banks, 1892 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   125 species

Zelotes zellensis  Grimm, 1982


Pedipalp: tibial apophysis straight. Embolus long, S-shaped. Opisthosoma with large, dark brown scutum.

Body length male: 4.0-5.0 mm

Epigyne with lateral cuticular ridges, distance between ridges anteriorly: 1/5 of distance between ear-shaped bulges. Prosoma brown-black. Legs brighter than prosoma. Opisthosoma brown-black.

Body length female: 4.5-5.6 mm
Additional information

In dwarf shrub heath, under stones in the daytime, in the Alps up to 1800 m

  No data
Distribution comment: The record from Bulgaria at about 200m a.s.l. should be verified
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Alps (Germany, Austria, Italy)
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Austria   (Grimm, 1985) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018; Dimitrov, 1993) ||| Germany   (Muster & Thaler, 2000) ||| Italy   (Pantini et al., 2020b) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Dimitrov D (1993) New and [rare] spiders (Araneae) to the fauna of Bulgaria. Proceedings of the Second National Scientific Conference of Entomology, Sofia: 73-76 pdf

Grimm U (1985) Die Gnaphosidae Mitteleuropas (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 26: 1-318 pdf

Muster C, Thaler K (2000) Das Männchen von Zelotes zellensis Grimm (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 107: 579-589 pdf

Pantini P, Mazzoleni F, Gobbi M, Pedrotti L (2020b) Ragni (Arachnida, Araneae) di interesse biogeografico e conservazionistico nel parco nazionale dello Stelvio (Italia). Rivista del Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "Enrico Caffi", Bergamo 33: 23-53 pdf

Trotta A (2023) Spiders from Liguria (NW Italy): new and confirmed records (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin of Environmental and Life Sciences 5: 44-77 pdf

WSC (2023) World Spider Catalog. Version 24. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (14.02.2023) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

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02-03-2021 Distribution update Detail
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