Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Haplodrassus  Chamberlin, 1922   44 species

Haplodrassus umbratilis  (L. Koch, 1866)

Description

Male palp with plate-like bulge of distal bulbal apophysis, situated basally. Tibial apophysis somewhat widened distally. Epigyne with slantingly forward-directed protrusion. Prosoma light brown. Chelicerae darker than prosoma. Distal leg segments darker than prosoma. Opisthosoma light brown.

Body length male: 3.9-6 mm
Body length female: 5.1-7.5 mm
Additional information

in dry and open pine forests and heathland, on the ground and under stones during the day

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe to Kazakhstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Crimea: ♂♀ – V-VII, ♂♂ – IV, ♀♀ – VIII, X
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Braendegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kovblyuk M M, Kastrygina Z A, Omelko M M (2012b) A review of the spider genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 in Crimea (Ukraine) and adjacent areas (Araneae,  Gnaphosidae). Zookeys 205: 59-89 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Miller F (1971) Pavouci-Araneida In: Daniel M & Cerny V. (Hrsg.) Klic zvireny CSSR, Dil. IV. Ceskoslovenska Akademie Ved, Prag: 51-306

Miller F, Buchar J (1977) Neue Spinnenarten aus den Gattungen Zelotes Distel und Haplodrassus Chamberlin (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Acta Univ Carol Biol 1974: 157-171

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. [Old pdf-version: Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at Pantini_&_Isaia_- _Checklist_of_the_Italian_spiders._June_2018.] Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2017) A new species of spiders of the genus Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922 (Aranei: Gnaphosidae) from the northern pre-Caspian area. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 13: 11-14 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. pl. I - XXI Stockholm (Entomol Fören): 1-141

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-10-2017 Image insert