Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Trochosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   14 species

Trochosa spinipalpis  (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1895)

Description

Palp male: tibia ventrally with 6-15 robust spines. Prosoma with bright, yellowish median band and dark lateral bands. Two dark, longish oval stripes in anterior half of bright median band. Opisthosoma dark brown-reddish with dark, indistinct cardiac mark.

Body length male: 6-8 mm
Body length female: 9-12 mm
Additional information

Active during the night, in damp meadows.

This species can bite humans when accidently squeezing them. The bite is painful as a wasp sting. Also a moderate local epidermal swelling has been reported.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), China, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
approximately 2 years old and adult all the year round
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Lithuania   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Kaliningrad Region   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Northern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste Romania (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
14-10-2019 Image insert
26-11-2013 Datasheet update Detail
25-06-2013 Distribution update Detail