Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Bolyphantes  C. L. Koch, 1837   8 species

Bolyphantes alticeps  (Sundevall, 1833)

Description
Paracymbium with pointed process in the middle of terminal part. Basal process of paracymbium flat and with angular shape. Epigyne tripartite, process of anterior epigynal plate truncated at posterior margin. Prosoma brown, with narrow black margin and median stripe. Sternum brown, with broad, dark margin. Chelicerae with 3 teeth on promargin, 4-5 teeth on retromargin. Legs yellowish to light brown, with long, robust spines. Opisthosoma yellowish brown, dorsally with irregularly arranged spots, ventrally often with dark median band. Body length male: 3-4.5 mm
Body length female: 3-4.5 mm
Additional information
in meadows and forest edges, low mountain range up to subalpine zone, rarely in the lowland
Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Caucasus, Russia to Central Asia, China, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
18-03-2014 Image insert