Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Labulla  Simon, 1884   3 species

Labulla thoracica  (Wider, 1834)

Description

Embolus very long, forming a large, ± circular loop with conductor. Epigyne with anteriorly stronger sclerotised copulatory openings. Prosoma yellowish-grey, with darkening on margin and around fovea. Head region stronger elevated in males than in females. Sternum black, slightly lighter in the middle. Chelicerae brown, robust. Legs yellow to light brown, very long, distinctly annulated. Opisthosoma highly elevated, conspicuously patterned, grey-yellow with white spots and dark dorsal pattern.

Body length male: 5-5.5 mm
Body length female: 5-7.5 mm
Additional information

in dense woodland, mainly in low mountain ranges, also in hedges and wood piles

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

Frequency: Frequent

Character states from linyphiid key
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Russia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
mainly in late summer and autumn
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1987) The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Volume 2: Linyphiidae and checklist. Harley Books Colchester

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Staudt A, Weber D, Nährig D (2013) Webspinnen (Arachnida,  Araneae) aus Höhlen des Grossherzogtums Luxemburgs. Ferrantia 69: 115-157

Wiehle H (1956) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, X. 28: Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: 1-337

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
30-10-2014 Image insert
11-09-2014 Image insert
18-06-2013 Image insert
28-04-2013 Distribution update Old value