Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   124 species

Zelotes puritanus  Chamberlin, 1922


Tibial apophysis is smaller or equal length of tibia. Epigyne with 3/4 circular, closed cuticula fold on posterior margin. Prosoma grey to black-brown. Sternum red-brown, labium red-brown. Chelicerae red-brown. Femur I with bright spot. Opisthosoma grey-brown to black-brown, with dark brown scuticula.

Body length male: 4.2-6 mm
Body length female: 5.5-6 mm
Additional information

In rocky heathland and open forests, thermophilic, up to 1800m

This species has a Holarctic distribution, from North America via South Siberia into the Ukraine. The European records represent the most westerly populations of this species, spreading since the late 1970s. Therefore, this species is not seen here as alien to Europe.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): North America, Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran
 male  female
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| Norway   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (no references) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) |||

Aakra K, Bretten A, Frengen O (2000) Spiders (Araneae) new to Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 47: 149-152 pdf

Danflous S (2015) Zelotes puritanus Chamberlin, 1922 (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) découverte en France. Revue Arachnologique (2) 2: 16-19 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at pdf

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet:

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1983) A revision of the American spiders of the genus Zelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 174: 97-192 pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 61: 105-150 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

06-01-2020 Image insert
12-10-2015 Distribution update Detail