Gnaphosidae  Banks, 1892 / Zelotes  Gistel, 1848   127 species

Zelotes puritanus  Chamberlin, 1922


Tibial apophysis is smaller or equal length of tibia. Epigyne with 3/4 circular, closed cuticula fold on posterior margin. Prosoma grey to black-brown. Sternum red-brown, labium red-brown. Chelicerae red-brown. Femur I with bright spot. Opisthosoma grey-brown to black-brown, with dark brown scuticula.

Body length male: 4.2-6.0 mm
Body length female: 5.5-6.0 mm
Additional information

In rocky heathland and open forests, thermophilic, up to 1800m

This species has a Holarctic distribution, from North America via South Siberia into the Ukraine. The European records represent the most westerly populations of this species, spreading since the 1970s. Therefore, this species is not seen here as alien to Europe.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): North America, Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Iran
 male  female
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Austria   (no references) ||| Czechia   (Růžička & Řezáč, 2022a) ||| France   (Danflous, 2015) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini et al., 2020b) ||| Liechtenstein   (Arnold, 2001) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (Rozwałka & Stanska, 2008) ||| Russia, Eastern   (Tuneva & Esyunin, 2003a) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022; Ponomarev, 2022) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2024a) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova et al., 2021) |||

Aakra K, Bretten A, Frengen O (2000) Spiders (Araneae) new to Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 47: 149-152 pdf

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Arnold K (2001) Beitrag zur Spinnenfauna (Arachnida, Araneae) des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. Berichte der Botanisch-Zoologischen Gesellschaft Liechtenstein-Sargans-Werdenberg 28: 211-244 pdf

Danflous S (2015) Zelotes puritanus Chamberlin, 1922 (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) découverte en France. Revue Arachnologique (2) 2: 16-19 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2024a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2024 [last updated 01 January 2024], online at pdf

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Grimm U (1985) Die Gnaphosidae Mitteleuropas (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 26: 1-318 pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Pantini P, Mazzoleni F, Gobbi M, Pedrotti L (2020b) Ragni (Arachnida, Araneae) di interesse biogeografico e conservazionistico nel parco nazionale dello Stelvio (Italia). Rivista del Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "Enrico Caffi", Bergamo 33: 23-53 pdf

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1983) A revision of the American spiders of the genus Zelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 174: 97-192 pdf

Polchaninova N, Gnelitsa V, Terekhova V, Iosypchuk A (2021) New and rare spider species (Arachnida, Araneae) from Ukraine. Zoodiversity 55: 95-112 pdf

Ponomarev A V (2022) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the southeast of the Russian Plain: catalogue, the fauna specific features. SSC RAS Publishers, Rostov-on-Don, 640 pp. pdf

Rozwałka R, Stanska M (2008) Check-list of spiders (Araneae) of Poland. 1. December 2008. online at pdf

Růžička V, Řezáč M (2022a) Seznam pavouků České republiky. List of spiders of the Czech Republic. Online at and pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 61: 105-150 pdf

Tuneva T K, Esyunin S L (2003a) A review of the Gnaphosidae fauna of the Urals (Aranei), 3. New species and new records, chiefly from the south Urals. Arthropoda Selecta 11: 223-234 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

09-01-2023 Distribution update Detail
09-01-2023 Image insert
01-05-2021 Distribution insert Detail
08-04-2021 Distribution insert Detail
08-01-2021 Image insert
26-08-2020 Distribution update Detail
06-01-2020 Image insert
12-10-2015 Distribution update Detail