Phrurolithidae  Banks, 1892 / Phrurolithus  C. L. Koch, 1839   10 species

Phrurolithus pullatus  Kulczyński, 1897

Description

Tibial apophysis with symmetric tip. Bulbus distally with 2 apophyses, overtopping embolus. Epigyne with laterally situated copulatory openings. Prosoma brown. Opisthosoma brown, with bright spots on dark ground.

Body length male: 1.8-2 mm
Body length female: 2.1-2.6 mm
Additional information

Dry meadows, open forests

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Omitted from the Italian checklist by Pantini & Isaia (2019), misidentification
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Central to Eastern Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Iran, Kazakhstan, Central Asia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (van Helsdingen & IJland, 2015) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020; Ponomarev & Khnykin, 2013) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2017) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Danışman T, Varol M İ, Coşar İ (2017) Two new records of little-known myrmecomorphic spiders in Turkey (Araneae: Phrurolithidae and Zodariidae). Serket 15: 150-153 pdf

Grimm U (1986) Die Clubionidae Mitteleuropas: Corinninae und Liocranidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 27: 1-91 pdf

Helsdingen P J van, IJland S (2015) A quick scan of the spider fauna in the surroundings of Përmet, Albania (Arachnida, Araneae) - preliminary report. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 35: 15-33 pdf

Miller F (1971) Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V, Khnykin A S (2013) Spiders (Aranei) of Volgograd sity and its environs. The South of Russia: ecology, development 4: 109-136 pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Sterghiu C (1985) Fam. Clubionidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5 (4): 1-168 pdf

Wiehle H (1967) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der deutschen Spinnenfauna V. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-36 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Zamani A, Marusik Y M (2020b) A survey of Phrurolithidae (Arachnida: Araneae) in southern Caucasus, Iran and Central Asia. Zootaxa 4758: 311-329 pdf

Updates
14-07-2020 Image insert
14-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
30-03-2020 Distribution update Detail
02-11-2017 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2015 Distribution update Detail
24-09-2015 Distribution update Detail
29-12-2014 Distribution update Detail