Zodariidae  Thorell, 1881 / Zodarion  Walckenaer, 1826   117 species

Zodarion rubidum  Simon, 1914

Description

Male palp with retinaculum, longer than wide, basal and distal branches strongly elongated. Embolus with concave base. Epigyne with triangular, posterior median plate. Prosoma light brown, darkly spotted. Femur yellowish-brown. Opisthosoma brown-violet.

Body length male: 2.6-3.1 mm
Body length female: 2.8-4.4 mm
Additional information

Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Russia (Europe, Caucasus). Introduced to USA, Canada
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bosmans R (1997) Revision of the genus Zodarion Walckenaer, 1833, part II.  Western and Central Europe, including Italy (Araneae: Zodariidae) Bull Br Arachnol Soc 10: 265-294

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Denis J (1937a) Contribution à l'étude des araignées du genre Zodarion Walckenaer. Festschrift Prof. Dr. Embrik Strand 3: 1-50

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Iorio E (2017) Inventaire des araignées et opilions de la Réserve Naturelle Régionale de la Pointe Saint-Gildas à Préfailles (Loire-Atlantique) (Arachnida). Invertébrés Armoricains 17: 45-61 pdf

Kuralt Ž, Kostanjšek R (2016) A contribution to the Slovenian spider fauna – III. Natura Sloveniae 18: 69-75 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (1993) Note su alcuni Zodarion Walckenaer della fauna italiana con descrizione di una nuova specie (Araneae, Zodariidae). Atti Soc Ital Sc Nat Mus Civ Stor Nat Milano 133: 5-12

Polchaninova N Y, Prokopenko E V (2013) Catalogue of the spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arthropoda Selecta (Suppl.) 2: 1-268 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V, Alekseev S K, Kozminykh V O, Shmatko V Y (2017a) Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Stavropol Province, Russia. Arthropoda Selecta 26: 155-173 pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 69: 169-190

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
02-01-2018 Image insert
30-06-2017 Distribution update Old value
02-04-2017 Image insert
10-01-2017 Distribution update Old value
25-04-2015 Distribution update Old value