Dysderidae  C. L. Koch, 1837 / Harpactea  Bristowe, 1939   191 species

Harpactea rubicunda  (C. L. Koch, 1838)

Description
Male

Prosoma red-brown, 4 mm long. Coxa IV with 1-8 spines. Femur I and II with 3-6 spines.

Body length male: 8-12 mm
Female

Prosoma and Sternum red-brown. Prosoma 3.5-4 mm long. Leg I and II red-brown, III and IV yellowish, femur I and II with 3 to 6 spines, femur IV with 8 to 10 dorsal spines, coxa IV with one to 8 spines, patella III with at least one spine.

Body length female: 8-12 mm
Additional information

Mainly in dry or semi-dry forests, scree slopes, dry grasslands, forest steppes, also in gardens, in houses, under stones and detritus.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Omitted from the Italian checklist by Pantini & Isaia (2018)
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Europe, Georgia
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Austria   (no references) ||| Belarus   (Miasnikou, unpubl.; Dashkevich, 2015) ||| Belgium   (Bosmans & Van Keer, 2017) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Czechia   (Růžička & Řezáč, 2022) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| France   (Legris & Vidal, 2014) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Lithuania   (no references) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (Lavery, 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer K (2017) Een herziene soortenlijst van de Belgische spinnen (Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 32: 39-69 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dashkevich M W (2015) [A supplement to the list of spider species (Arachnida, Aranei) of Belarus]. Materials from the conference „Problems of contemporary entomology in Eastern Europe“, pp. 97-99 pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Legris S, Vidal E (2014) Découverte en France de Harpactea rubicunda (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Araneae, Dysderidae). Revue Arachnologique (2) 1: 9-10 pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Miasnikou (unpubl.) .

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Růžička V, Řezáč M (2022) Seznam pavouků České republiky. List of spiders of the Czech Republic. Online at https://www.arachnology.cz/seznam-pavouku-cr-26.html and https://www.arachnology.cz/en/seznam-pavouku-cr-26.html pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150 pdf

WSC (2023) World Spider Catalog. Version 24. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (14.02.2023) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
08-03-2022 Distribution update Detail
26-06-2019 Distribution update Detail
20-05-2014 Distribution update Detail