Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Sintula  Simon, 1884   16 species

Sintula retroversus  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875)

Description
Male

Resembles S. solitarius. Palp with longer process of cymbium.

Body length male: 3 mm
Female

Prosoma brown-red, with black marginal line and straight dorsal line. Legs pale, tibiae I and II olive brown. Opisthosoma long-oval, glossy black-brown. Epigyne: posteriorly with a large, disc-shaped structure.

Body length female: 3-4.5 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (no references) ||| Armenia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Hungary   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Barrientos J A, Uribarri I, García-Sarrión R (2015b) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) del Turó de l'Home (Parc Natural del Montseny, Cataluña, España). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 27: 61-74 pdf

Bellvert Bantí A (2016) First male record of Sintula retroversus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875) and confirmation of a Hypomma cornutum (Blackwall, 1833) population in the north east of the Iberian Peninsula (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 28: 155-157 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae).
[N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M (1979h) Ragni d'Italia XXXI. Specie cavernicole nuove o interessanti (Araneae). Quaderni del Museo di Speleologia "V. Rivera" 5(10): 1-48 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Denis J (1967) Notes sur les érigonides. XXXVI. Le genre Sintula Simon. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 103: 369-390 pdf

Gnelitsa V A (2012) The genus Sintula (Aranei, Linyphiidae) in Ukraine, with the description of a new species. Vestnik Zoologii 46: 29-36 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Tanasevitch A V (2011a) On linyphiid spiders from the eastern and central Mediterranean kept at the Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 118: 49-91 pdf

Vrenozi B, Deltshev C (2012a) Faunistic and zoogeographical analyses of Linyphiidae (Araneae) in the Tirana district of Albania. Journal of International Environmental Application & Science 7: 423-426 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
07-11-2019 Distribution update Detail
17-01-2017 Image insert
28-09-2016 Datasheet update Detail
15-02-2016 Distribution update Detail
11-02-2015 Distribution update Detail
13-05-2014 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
19-03-2013 Image insert