Linyphiidae  Blackwall, 1859 / Sintula  Simon, 1884   17 species

Sintula retroversus  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875)

Description
Male

Resembles S. solitarius. Palp with longer process of cymbium.

Body length male: 3 mm
Female

Prosoma brown-red, with black marginal line and straight dorsal line. Legs pale, tibiae I and II olive brown. Opisthosoma long-oval, glossy black-brown. Epigyne: posteriorly with a large, disc-shaped structure.

Body length female: 3-4.5 mm
Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus
Figures
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Albania   (Vrenozi & Deltshev, 2012a; Blick, 2018) ||| Armenia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (Milosevic, 2002) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Seropian et al., 2023b) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Hungary   (Samu & Szinetár, 1999) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| North Macedonia   (Komnenov, 2014) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022; Ponomarev, 2022) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2024) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Danışman et al., 2024) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Barrientos J A, Uribarri I, García-Sarrión R (2015b) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) del Turó de l'Home (Parc Natural del Montseny, Cataluña, España). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 27: 61-74 pdf

Bellvert Bantí A (2016) First male record of Sintula retroversus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875) and confirmation of a Hypomma cornutum (Blackwall, 1833) population in the north east of the Iberian Peninsula (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 28: 155-157 pdf

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Blick T (2018) A small collection of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the River Vjosa, Albania – with an updated spider checklist of Albania. Acta ZooBot Austria 155: 213-232 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M (1979h) Ragni d'Italia XXXI. Specie cavernicole nuove o interessanti (Araneae). Quaderni del Museo di Speleologia "V. Rivera" 5(10): 1-48 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2024) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2024 [last updated 01 January 2024], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Denis J (1967b) Notes sur les érigonides. XXXVI. Le genre Sintula Simon. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 103: 369-390 pdf

Gnelitsa V A (2012) The genus Sintula (Aranei, Linyphiidae) in Ukraine, with the description of a new species. Vestnik Zoologii 46: 29-36 pdf

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Milosevic B (2002) Aranea – Popis vrsta – Checklist. Hrvatsko entomološko društvo – Inventar entomofaune Hrvatske [Aranea – List of species – Checklist. Croatian Entomological Society – Inventory of Croatian entomofauna]. pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V (2022) Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the southeast of the Russian Plain: catalogue, the fauna specific features. SSC RAS Publishers, Rostov-on-Don, 640 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Seropian A, Bulbulashvili N, Otto S, Krammer H-J, Kachlishvili N, Datunashvili A (2023b) Picking pearls from the Silk Road: insights into the spider (Arachnida, Araneae) diversity in Georgia from the Caucasus barcode of life project. Part II. Caucasiana 2: 231-297 pdf

Tanasevitch A V (2011a) On linyphiid spiders from the eastern and central Mediterranean kept at the Muséum d'histoire naturelle, Geneva. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 118: 49-91 pdf

Vrenozi B, Deltshev C (2012a) Faunistic and zoogeographical analyses of Linyphiidae (Araneae) in the Tirana district of Albania. Journal of International Environmental Application & Science 7: 423-426 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
07-02-2024 Image insert
14-12-2023 Distribution insert Detail
02-06-2023 Distribution update Detail
07-11-2019 Distribution update Detail
17-01-2017 Image insert
28-09-2016 Datasheet update Detail
15-02-2016 Distribution update Detail
11-02-2015 Distribution update Detail
13-05-2014 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
19-03-2013 Image insert