Titanoecidae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Titanoeca  Thorell, 1870   15 species

Titanoeca quadriguttata  (Hahn, 1833)

Description

Epigyne forms a narrow slit with parallel lateral margins. Prosoma reddish brown. Sternum black-brown. Chelicerae black-brown. Legs red-brown. Femur black. Opisthosoma almost black to brownish red, velvety-haired, dorsally with 2 pairs of large, white spots.

Body length male: 4.5-5 mm
Body length female: 4.5-5.5 mm
Additional information

Under stones on sunny, warm slopes

Frequency: frequent in some places

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( no references ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Demircan N, Topçu A (2015) A contribution to the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 14: 176-183 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hubert M (1966) Remarques sur quelques espèces d'araignées appartenant au genre Titanoeca Thorell 1870. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 38: 238-246

Komnenov M (2017) New data on spider fauna (Araneae) of Shar Mountain, north-western Macedonia. Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the Ecologists of Macedonia, with international participation (Ohrid, 19th-22nd October 2016). Special issues of the Macedonian Ecological Society 13: 44-61 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kratochvíl J (1932b) Rod pavouku Titanoeca Thor. v Ceskoslovenske republice. Sbornik Prirodovedecke spoiecnostl v Mor Ostrave

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Weiss I (1979) Lessertinella carpatica sp. n. (Arachnida, Araneae, Erigonidae). Reichenbachia 17: 325-330

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
05-02-2019 Distribution update Detail
13-01-2016 Distribution update Detail