Titanoecidae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Titanoeca  Thorell, 1870   14 species

Titanoeca quadriguttata  (Hahn, 1833)

Description

Epigyne forms a narrow slit with parallel lateral margins. Prosoma reddish brown. Sternum black-brown. Chelicerae black-brown. Legs red-brown. Femur black. Opisthosoma almost black to brownish red, velvety-haired, dorsally with 2 pairs of large, white spots.

Body length male: 4.5-5 mm
Body length female: 4.5-5.5 mm
Additional information

Under stones on sunny, warm slopes

Frequency: frequent in some places

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2018): Europe, Russia to Kazakhstan, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Demircan N, Topçu A (2015) A contribution to the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae). Serket 14: 176-183

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hubert M (1966) Remarques sur quelques espèces d'araignées appartenant au genre Titanoeca Thorell 1870. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 38: 238-246

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kratochvíl J (1932b) Rod pavouku Titanoeca Thor. v Ceskoslovenske republice. Sbornik Prirodovedecke spoiecnostl v Mor Ostrave

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Weiss I (1979) Lessertinella carpatica sp. n. (Arachnida, Araneae, Erigonidae). Reichenbachia 17: 325-330

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
13-01-2016 Distribution update Old value