Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Phoroncidia  Westwood, 1835   4 species

Phoroncidia paradoxa  (Lucas, 1846)

Description
Male

Prosoma yellow-brown, 0.6 mm long. Sternum yellow-brown. Opisthosoma yellow-brown, almost white ventrally.

Body length male: 1.3-1.5 mm
Female

Prosoma red-brown, with thin black borderline, or uniform black. Prosoma 0.8 mm long. Eyes: AME same size as PME. Legs brown, annulated.

Body length female: 2.0 mm
Additional information

In holm oak forests, garrigue, heathlands and in bush layer.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Southern Europe, North Africa, Turkey
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Bosselaers J (unpubl.)

Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitt schweiz Ent Ges 87: 215-228

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kunt K B, Kaya R S, Özkütük R S, Danişman T, Yagmur E A, Elverici M (2012) Additional notes on the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae). Turkish Journal of Zoology 36: 637-651

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Otto S, Japoshvili G (2018) The spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Lagodekhi Reserve, Georgia: faunistic results of a transect study and an updated checklist. Arachnology 17: 375-391 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Thaler K, Noflatscher M-T (1990) Neue und bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Südtirol (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 69: 169-190

Vanuytven H (1991) A redescription of Phoroncidia paradoxa (Lucas, 1846) (Araneae: Theridiidae). Phegea 19: 103-105

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
24-07-2018 Image insert
29-12-2017 Image insert
05-01-2015 Distribution update Old value
05-07-2013 Distribution update Old value