Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Araniella  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942   6 species

Araniella opisthographa  (Kulczyński, 1905)

Description

Male palp with brad-shaped tegular apophysis, median apophysis long and sickle-like bent. Epigyne with scapus, longer than wide, reaching distinctly beyond epigyne. Entrance ducts not or only indistinctly visible through epigyne. Prosoma yellow to red-brown, mostly with dark marginal band in male. Legs yellow to red-brown, often with dark annulations. Femur I male: with 7, rarely 8 bristles distributed on whole length. Opisthosoma yellowish green, with 5 pairs of black lateral dots (5th posterior pair usually small and indistinct (see also Sacher (1990)), ventro-median field rarely darker than its surrounding, often brightened.

Body length male: 3.5-4 mm
Body length female: 4-6 mm
Additional information

On trees, bushes and in herbaceous layer.

Compare with A. cucurbitina.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe) to Central Asia, Iran
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( no references ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( no references ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( no references ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( no references ) ||| Kosovo   ( no references ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( no references ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Almquist S (2005) Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Syst Evol, Suppl 62: 1-124

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Deltshev C, Vrenozi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – faunistic and zoogeographical review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 63: 125-144

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Mcheidze T S (1997) Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review. Tbilisi Univ, 390 pp

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Sacher P (1990) Untersuchungen über Zahl, Anordnung und taxonomischen Wert der dorso-lateralen Abdominalpunkte in der Gattung Araniella (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta Zool Fennica 190: 345-349

Spasojevic T, Kropf C, Nentwig W, Lasut L (2016) Combining morphology, DNA sequences, and morphometrics: revising closely related species in the orb-weaving spider genus Araniella (Araneae, Araneidae). Zootaxa 4111: 448-470 pdf

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Zamani A, Marusik Y M, Šestáková A (2020) On Araniella and Neoscona (Araneae, Araneidae) of the Caucasus, Middle East and Central Asia. ZooKeys 906: 13-40 pdf

Updates
24-01-2020 Image insert
23-01-2020 Distribution update Detail
23-05-2016 Image insert
08-04-2016 Image insert
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
04-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail