Titanoecidae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Titanoeca  Thorell, 1870   14 species

Titanoeca nivalis  Simon, 1874

Description
Male

Prosoma light yellow, cephalic part reddish brown. Prosoma length: 2.28-2.68 mm. Chelicerae reddish brown, with several short black spines on lateral sides. Sternum brown. Legs light yellowish brown, femora brown. Opisthosoma: dorsum greyish brown to dark slate-grey, with 2 whitish spots in the middle, venter with a broad greyish brown median band (Almquist, 2006).

Body length male: 4.5-6.0 mm
Female

Colouration as in males, prosoma slightly darker. Prosoma length: 2.36 mm- 2.96 mm.

Body length female: 4.5-7 mm
Additional information

Under stones and dead wood in humid-cool, shadowy places, up to 2600 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): North America, Scandinavia, Pyrenees (Spain, France), Alps (France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy), Georgia, Russia (Middle Siberia to Far East)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Almquist S (2006) Swedish Araneae, part 2--families Dictynidae to Salticidae. Insect Syst Evol, Suppl 63: 285-601

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hubert M (1966) Remarques sur quelques espèces d'araignées appartenant au genre Titanoeca Thorell 1870. Bull Mus Natl Hist Nat Paris 38: 238-246

Leech R (1972) A revision of the nearctic Amaurobiidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Entomol Soc Can 84: 98-99

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröff Mus Ferdinandeum 61: 105-150

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
05-03-2015 Distribution update Old value