Titanoecidae  Lehtinen, 1967 / Titanoeca  Thorell, 1870   15 species

Titanoeca nivalis  Simon, 1874

Description
Male

Prosoma light yellow, cephalic part reddish brown. Prosoma length: 2.28-2.68 mm. Chelicerae reddish brown, with several short black spines on lateral sides. Sternum brown. Legs light yellowish brown, femora brown. Opisthosoma: dorsum greyish brown to dark slate-grey, with 2 whitish spots in the middle, venter with a broad greyish brown median band (Almquist, 2006).

Body length male: 4.5-6.0 mm
Female

Colouration as in males, prosoma slightly darker. Prosoma length: 2.36 mm- 2.96 mm.

Body length female: 4.5-7 mm
Additional information

Under stones and dead wood in humid-cool, shadowy places, up to 2600 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): North America, Scandinavia, Pyrenees (Spain, France), Alps (France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy), Georgia, Russia (Middle Siberia to Far East)
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Austria   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Norway   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Sweden   (no references) ||| Switzerland   (no references) |||
References

Almquist S (2006) Swedish Araneae, part 2 – families Dictynidae to Salticidae. Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 63: 285-601 pdf

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae).
[N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Hubert M (1966) Remarques sur quelques espèces d'araignées appartenant au genre Titanoeca Thorell 1870. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 38: 238-246 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Leech R (1972) A revision of the nearctic Amaurobiidae (Arachnida: Araneida). Entomol Soc Can 84: 98-99

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Thaler K (1981c) Bemerkenswerte Spinnenfunde in Nordtirol (Österreich) (Arachnida: Aranei). Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck 61: 105-150 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
04-06-2020 Image insert
05-03-2015 Distribution update Detail