Atypidae  Thorell, 1870 / Atypus  Latreille, 1804   3 species

Atypus muralis  Bertkau, 1890

Description

Palp male: femur with longitudinal ridge in longish depression. Vulva with 2 pairs of receptacula seminis, inner and outer pair not in the same line. Prosoma red-brown to dark brown, dark brown in female. Sternum with dark median field. First pair of sigilla more than 1/2 diameter apart from margin of sternum. Legs red-brown to dark brown. Metatarsus IV male: dorsally with 4 or more spines. Opisthosoma velvety-black, grey-brown. Posterior spinnerets distinctly 4 segmented (in dorsal and ventral view).

Body length male: 9 mm
Body length female: 12 mm
Additional information

capture tube over ground 13 cm, retreat tube underground 35-80 cm, colonies of up to 100 specimens, on xerothermic dry slopes and steppe heathland

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Central Europe to Turkmenistan
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   (no references) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2020) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Moldova   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (Komnenov, 2014) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Central   (no references) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2020) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Özkütük et al., 2015c) ||| Turkey (Europe)   (Özkütük et al., 2015c) ||| Ukraine   (Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Grbić G, Hänggi A, Gajić I, Vaselek S, Ivković S (2019) Spiders (Araneae) of the Deliblato Sands (Serbia). Acta Entomologica Serbica 24: 79-93 pdf

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kraus O, Baur H (1974) Die Atypidae der West-Paläarktis. Systematik, Verbreitung und Biologie (Arach.: Araneae). Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 17: 85-116 pdf

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133 pdf

Miller F (1947) Pavoucí zvírena hadcových stepí u Mohelna. Archiv Svazu na Výzkum a Ochranu Přírody i Krajiny v Zemi Moravskoslezské 7: 1-107 pdf

Naumova M V, Blagoev G, Dimitrov D, Lazarov S, Deltshev C (2017) New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae) of Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 69: 477-481 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Özkütük R S, Kunt K B, Gündüz G, Elverici M (2015c) A new record for Turkish mygalomorph spiders: Atypus muralis Bertkau, 1890 (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Atypidae). Biological Diversity and Conservation 8: 138-142 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Schwendinger P J (1990) A synopsis of the genus Atypus (Araneae, Atypidae). Zoologica Scripta 19: 353-366 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
24-05-2020 Distribution insert Detail
22-07-2019 Distribution update Detail
13-10-2017 Distribution update Detail