Atypidae  Thorell, 1870 / Atypus  Latreille, 1804   3 species

Atypus muralis  Bertkau, 1890

Description

Palp male: femur with longitudinal ridge in longish depression. Vulva with 2 pairs of receptacula seminis, inner and outer pair not in the same line. Prosoma red-brown to dark brown, dark brown in female. Sternum with dark median field. First pair of sigilla more than 1/2 diameter apart from margin of sternum. Legs red-brown to dark brown. Metatarsus IV male: dorsally with 4 or more spines. Opisthosoma velvety-black, grey-brown. Posterior spinnerets distinctly 4 segmented (in dorsal and ventral view).

Body length male: 9 mm
Body length female: 12 mm
Additional information

capture tube over ground 13 cm, retreat tube underground 35-80 cm, colonies of up to 100 specimens, on xerothermic dry slopes and steppe heathland

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Central Europe to Turkmenistan
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Grbić G, Hänggi A, Gajić I, Vaselek S, Ivković S (2019) Spiders (Araneae) of the Deliblato Sands (Serbia). Acta Entomologica Serbica 24: 79-93 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Komnenov M (2014) Spider fauna of the Osogovo Mt. Range, Northeastern Macedonia. Fauna Balkana 2: 1-267

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kraus O, Baur H (1974) Die Atypidae der West-Paläarktis. Systematik, Verbreitung und Biologie (Arach.: Araneae). Abh Verh Naturwiss Ver Hamburg 17: 85-116

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Miller F (1947) Pavoucí zvírena hadcových stepí u Mohelna. Arch Sv Vyzk ochr prirod kraj zem Morav 7: 1-107

Naumova M V, Blagoev G, Dimitrov D, Lazarov S, Deltshev C (2017) New data on the spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae) of Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 69: 477-481 pdf

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Schwendinger P J (1990) A synopsis of the genus Atypus (Araneae, Atypidae). Zool Scripta 19: 353-366

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
22-07-2019 Distribution update Old value
13-10-2017 Distribution update Old value