Araneidae  Clerck, 1757 / Zygiella  F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902   4 species

Zygiella montana  (C. L. Koch, 1834)

Description

Bulbus distally with large, hook-shaped apophysis. Epigyne equal or more than two times as wide as long. Prosoma red-brown, with fine, dark margin and dark median line. Sternum almost black. Chelicerae dark red-brown. Legs dark red-brown, sometimes annulated with black or spotted. Opisthosoma grey, yellow or black, with pattern, ventrally with broad, black median stripe.

Body length male: 6 mm
Body length female: 8.5-9 mm
Additional information

in the mountains mostly above 1000 m, on buildings, rocks, trees and bushes

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Uzbekistan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Otto S (2019) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 10.2019. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 23

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.09.2019) doi: 10.24436/2