Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Pardosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   126 species

Pardosa nigra  (C. L. Koch, 1834)

Beschreibung

Prosoma rötlich bis stark dunkelbraun. Prosomalänge: 3.8-4.2 mm. Beine rotbraun. Femur fast schwarz. Tibia I ventral mit 4 Paar Stacheln, distal mit einem Paar kleiner Stacheln. Tarsus rötlich-gelb. Opisthosoma fast schwarz mit ziegelrotem Muster.

Körperlänge Männchen: 7 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 8-9 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

In Blockhalden, Rasenfragmenten, auf Gletschern, im Gebirge auf 2000-3300 m.

Video:

Balzverhalten (Chiarle et al. 2013)

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Verbreitung Kommentar: Nicht in Estland und der Türkei (Kronestedt et al. 2014)
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2020): Europe
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Verbreitungsnachweise
Austria   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Liechtenstein   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
Literatur

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Chiarle A, Kronestedt T, Isaia M (2013) Courtship behavior in European species of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 41: 108-125 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu F (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253 pdf

Höfer H, Meyer F, Bauer T, Bayer S, Harry I, Kastner L (2019) Überraschende Erstnachweise und neue Daten zu seltenen Spinnenarten (Arachnida: Araneae) aus Blockhalden in Baden-Württemberg. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 58: 62-84 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kronestedt T, Marusik Y M, Omelko M M (2014) Studies on species of Holarctic Pardosa groups (Araneae, Lycosidae). VIII. The Palearctic species of the Pardosa nigra group. Zootaxa 3894: 33-60 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Tongiorgi P (1966a) Italian Wolf spiders of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 134: 275-334 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
17-10-2019 Image insert
21-08-2019 Distribution update Detail
13-08-2019 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
07-05-2013 Distribution update Detail