Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Xerolycosa  Dahl, 1908   2 species

Xerolycosa nemoralis  (Westring, 1861)

Description

Male palp with apophysis as long as wide at base. Epigynal grooves wider than long. Prosoma brown, with bright median stripe, its margins parallel and white-haired. Sternum dark brown. Legs unicoloured, almost black. Opisthosoma dark brown, slightly darker spot in heart region.

Body length male: 4.5-5.7 mm
Body length female: 5-7.5 mm
Additional information

in sunny coniferous forest edges, in medium mountain range up to 1800 m

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dahl M (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII: Hahniidae, Argyronetidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 100-118

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste Romania (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-09-2019 Image insert
23-09-2015 Image insert
15-04-2013 Distribution update Old value