Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Pardosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   125 species

Pardosa lugubris  (Walckenaer, 1802)

Beschreibung

Cymbium von lateral gesehen dorsal stark konvex, vereinzelt mit dunklen Borsten, proximaler Teil dunkel, distal bräunlich. Spitze kurz und mit kräftiger Kralle. Epigyne ankerförmig. Prosoma rötlich-braun, weiss behaart, laterale Prosomalängsbänder schmal. Seiten des medianen Prosomalängsbandes ± parallel. Prosomalänge: 2.3-3.4 mm. Femur und Tibia deutlich geringelt. Opisthosoma rotbraun, mit gelbrotem Muster. Spinnwarzen dunkelbraun bis schwarz.

Körperlänge Männchen: 4.6-5 mm
Körperlänge Weibchen: 4.8-8 mm
Zusätzliche Informationen

In offenen Bereichen und in Wäldern bis in den subalpinen Bereich, eine der häufigsten Pardosa-Arten in Europa.

Video:

Balzverhalten (Chiarle et al. 2013)

Verbreitung
  Vorkommen
  kein Nachweis
Weltweite Verbreitung (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Kazakhstan
Phänologie
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Abbildungen
Literatur

Aakra K, Morka G H, Antonson A, Farlund M, Wrånes R E, Frølandshagen R, Løvbrekke H, Furuseth P, Fjellberg A, Lemke M, Pfliegler W P, Andersen S, Olsen K M, Aadland B, Berggren K (2016) Spiders new to Norway (Arachnida, Araneae) with ecological, taxonomical and faunistic comments. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 63: 6-43

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Chiarle A, Kronestedt T, Isaia M (2013) Courtship behavior in European species of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). J Arachnol 41: 108-125

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste Romania (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kronestedt T (1999a) A new species in the Pardosa lugubris group from Central Europe (Arachnida, Araneae, Lycosidae). Spixiana 22: 1-11

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Tongiorgi P (1966a) Italian Wolf spiders of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology 134: 275-334

Töpfer-Hofmann G, Cordes D, von Helversen O (2000) Cryptic species and behavioural isolation in the Pardosa lugubris group (Araneae, Lycosidae), with description of two new species. Bull Br Arachnol Soc 11 (7): 257-274

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
04-09-2019 Image insert
14-01-2017 Image insert
18-02-2016 Image insert
13-10-2015 Image insert
03-07-2015 Image insert
12-03-2015 Image insert
15-10-2013 Distribution update Old value