Pisauridae  Simon, 1890 / Pisaura  Simon, 1886   5 species

Pisaura mirabilis  (Clerck, 1757)

Description
Male

Palp: tibia with simple lateral apophysis. Bulb with big, excavated lateral conductor, large fulcrum and small, more or less triangular median apophysis.

Prosoma length: 3.9-4.5 mm, prosoma width: 3.0-3.5 mm.

Body length male: 10-13 mm
Female

Epigyne: anchor-shaped, extended epigyneal depression divided by median septum. Septum ends anteriorly in a almost triangular structure with 4 attachment grooves. Septum long and narrow, median plate large and wide with anterior border almost perpendicular to septum. Halves of epigyneal depression large. Copulatory ducts well-visible, large and spiralized.

Prosoma length: 3.9-5.0 mm, prosoma width: 3.1-4.0 mm.

Body length female: 12-15 mm
Additional information

Very frequent in different open habitats, in humid meadows, on bushes, up to 900 m. Male gives bridal gift to female prior to copulation. Female carries cocoon (100-300 eggs) in chelicerae. Prior to hatching, she constructs a bell-shaped web between blades of grass, where she hangs up the cocoon and guards it.

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Middle East, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Middle Siberia), Central Asia, China
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Azheganova N S (1968) Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR: 1-149

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Dahl M (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII: Hahniidae, Argyronetidae. Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 100-118

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Koh J K H (unpubl.)

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1969) Pokok I-Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 2.1-2.133

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
12-07-2016 Datasheet update Old value