Tetragnathidae  Menge, 1866 / Pachygnatha  Sundevall, 1823   9 species

Pachygnatha listeri  Sundevall, 1830

Description

Paracymbium long and pointed, its lateral tooth big and hook-shaped. Epigyne a trapezoid plate. Prosoma reddish yellow, or brown with dark median band, margin not darkened. Sternum dark brown. Chelicerae dark brown. Legs yellow-orange. Opisthosoma grey, mostly with almost black folium dorsally, with bright pairs of spots along median line, folium in females sometimes only vague.

Body length male: 3-4.5 mm
Body length female: 4.5-5 mm
Additional information

Mostly in shadowed, humid forests

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Gajić I, Grbić G (2016) Further notes on spiders from the Special Nature Reserve Zasavica (Serbia). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 51: 49-56 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Thaler K (1991b) Pachygnatha terilis n.sp. aus den Südalpen, mit Bemerkungen zu einigen Araneidae der Alpenländer (Arachnida: Aranei, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae). Ber Nat - Med Ver Innsbruck 78: 47-57

Wiehle H (1963a) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, XII. Tetragnathidae-Streckspinnen und Dickkiefer. Tierwelt Deutschlands 49

World Spider Catalog (2019) World Spider Catalog, version 20.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.01.2019) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
25-05-2016 Image insert
04-03-2016 Distribution update Old value