Phonognathidae  Simon, 1894 / Leviellus  Wunderlich 2004   4 species

Leviellus kochi  (Thorell, 1870)


Base of conductor sitting in a depression, surrounded by a rim, or base of conductor surrounded by wrinkles. In lateral view tegulum projection shorter than width of tegulum. Tegulum with simple projection, paracymbium not a square. Prosoma length: 3.1 mm, prosoma width: 2.3 mm.

Body length male: 7 mm

Epigyne: openings posterior. Scape heart-shaped, slightly longer than wide, constricted at base. Prosoma length: 3.5 mm, prosoma width: 2.5 mm.

Body length female: 9-11 mm
Additional information

South European species. On trunks of trees, cork bark and chestnut. Its retreat is in cracks in bark.

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Southern Europe, North Africa, Turkey, Central Asia
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| France / Corsica   (Le Peru, 2007) ||| Greece / Crete   (Bosmans et al., 2013) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019; Dentici, 2019) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Serbia   (no references) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Atlı et al., 2023b) |||

Atlı E. Türkeş,T, Seyyar O (2023b) Leviellus kochi (Thorell, 1870) (Araneae: Phonognathidae) is a new record in Türkiye. Serket 19: 385-387 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Dentici A (2019) Third contribution to the knowledge of Sicilian spider fauna (Arachnida Araneae). Biodiversity Journal 10: 117-120 pdf

Le Peru B (2007) Catalogue et répartition des araignées de France. Revue Arachnologique 16: 1-468 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (unpubl.)

Wiehle H (1931) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VI. 27: Familie Araneidae. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 47-136 pdf

WSC (2023) World Spider Catalog. Version 24.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (25.10.2023) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

04-10-2023 Distribution update Detail
04-10-2023 Image insert
04-10-2023 Distribution insert Detail
21-06-2019 Distribution update Detail
13-06-2016 Datasheet update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail