Lycosidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Pardosa  C. L. Koch, 1847   126 species

Pardosa hortensis  (Thorell, 1872)

Description

Palp with tooth of tegular apophysis at 5 o\'clock position. Epigyne with septum, not completely covering genital groove, its shape is variable. Prosoma grey-brown, long, bright median band. Lateral bands reddish yellow, broken into spots, frequently vague. Prosoma length female: 2.3-2.7 mm, prosoma length male: 2.3-2.5 mm. Legs grey-brown, distinctly annulated. Opisthosoma grey-brown with yellow pattern.

Body length male: 4.5 mm
Body length female: 5-6 mm
Additional information

In meadows and fields, from open and dry to humid areas, up to 1500 m. Not frequent in Great Britain, Central and East Europe, frequent in Southern Europe.

Video:

Courtship behaviour (Chiarle et al. 2013)

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to South Siberia), Iran, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( no references ) ||| Andorra   ( no references ) ||| Armenia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Austria   ( no references ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Belarus   ( Ivanov, 2013; ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Kosovo   ( no references ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( Kreuels et al., 2019; ) ||| Malta   ( Pfliegler et al., 2017; ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Morocco   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| North Macedonia   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Turkey (Europe)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Barrientos J A (1985b) Artrópodos epigeos del macizo de San Juan de la Peña (Jaca, Prov. de Huesca): X Arañas licósidas. Pirineos 126: 133-126

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Kronestedt T, Alderweireldt M, Bosselaers J, De Koninck H (2013) Spiders of Crete (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from the Greek island of Crete. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28 (Suppl. 1): 1-147 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Chiarle A, Kronestedt T, Isaia M (2013) Courtship behavior in European species of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). J Arachnol 41: 108-125

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Fuhn I E, Niculescu-Burlacu F (1971) Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5 (3): 1-253 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Helsdingen P J van (2013) A quick scan of the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 33: 29-38

Ivanov V V (2013) The checklist of Belarusian spiders (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoology and Ecology 4: 293-311 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kreuels M, Staudt A, Christian S (2019) Die Spinnenfauna von Luxemburg – eine Zusammenstellung der Nachweise aus den Jahren 1906-2018 (Arachnida: Araneae). Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois 121: 203-230 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British Spiders 1. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Mikhailov K G, Propistsova E A (2017) On the spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) from Armenia. Arthropoda Selecta 26: 369-371 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Roberts M J (1998) Spinnengids. Tirion Natuur Baarn, Netherlands

Tongiorgi P (1966a) Italian Wolf spiders of the genus Pardosa (Araneae: Lycosidae). Bulletin Museum Comparative Zoology 134: 275-334

Wiebes J T (1959) The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zool Verh 42: 1-78

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
14-12-2017 Distribution update Detail
28-04-2014 Distribution update Detail
24-12-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-10-2013 Distribution update Detail
15-04-2013 Distribution update Detail