Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Neottiura  Menge, 1868   6 species

Neottiura herbigrada  (Simon, 1873)

Description
Male

Palp dark. Femur and patella swollen. Cymbium comparatively small. Prosoma median elevation on posterior margin, anterior median eyes smaller than other eyes. Prosoma 1.2-1.3 mm long. Prosoma and sternum uniform reddish brown. Femur with many dark spots. Male: rugose, ventrally with haired warts. Sternum and legs as in female. Opisthosoma with stridulatory ring forming 2 lobes. Opisthosoma dorsally brown with black and white patches, ventrally as in female.

Body length male: 2.3-3.1 mm
Female

Palp female: annulated. Prosoma light to dark brown, with reticulate pattern. Prosoma 0.8-1 mm long. Sternum light to dark brown. Legs light yellow, with dark patches and stripes. Opisthosoma posteriorly with a small tubercle, dorsally whitish, with 2 lateral series of 3 or 4 black spots and a single median spot posteriorly, ventrally dark, pattern as in N. curvimana.

Body length female: 2-2.7 mm
Additional information

In olive grove, among dry grass or under stones, on chestnut tree or in Eucalyptus forest. Egg sac globular, 2 mm in diameter, white, with about 30 eggs.

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Madeira, Mediterranean, Ukraine, China, Korea
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Females with egg sac in May.
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   (Vrenozi & Jäger, 2012) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   (Komnenov, 2010) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Knoflach B (1999) The comb-footed spider genera Neottiura and Coleosoma in Europe (Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 71: 341-371 pdf

Komnenov M (2010) Checklist of spiders (Araneae) of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Uzizaž i Biospeld 5(2009): 52-69 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lecigne S (2021a) A new species of Sintula (Linyphiidae), redescription of Brigittea innocens (Dictynidae) and eight spider species newly recorded for Turkey (Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 62: 11-34 pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 379-393 pdf

Vrenozi B, Jäger P (2012) A faunistic study on ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in the Tirana district, Albania. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 81-87 pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 22.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (22.09.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
08-07-2021 Image insert
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
19-02-2019 Distribution update Detail