Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Neottiura  Menge, 1868   6 species

Neottiura herbigrada  (Simon, 1873)

Description
Male

Palp dark. Femur and patella swollen. Cymbium comparatively small. Prosoma median elevation on posterior margin, anterior median eyes smaller than other eyes. Prosoma 1.2-1.3 mm long. Prosoma and sternum uniform reddish brown. Femur with many dark spots. Male: rugose, ventrally with haired warts. Sternum and legs as in female. Opisthosoma with stridulatory ring forming 2 lobes. Opisthosoma dorsally brown with black and white patches, ventrally as in female.

Body length male: 2.3-3.1 mm
Female

Palp female: annulated. Prosoma light to dark brown, with reticulate pattern. Prosoma 0.8-1 mm long. Sternum light to dark brown. Legs light yellow, with dark patches and stripes. Opisthosoma posteriorly with a small tubercle, dorsally whitish, with 2 lateral series of 3 or 4 black spots and a single median spot posteriorly, ventrally dark, pattern as in N. curvimana.

Body length female: 2-2.7 mm
Additional information

In olive grove, among dry grass or under stones, on chestnut tree or in Eucalyptus forest. Egg sac globular, 2 mm in diameter, white, with about 30 eggs.

Frequency: Widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Madeira, Mediterranean, Ukraine, China, Korea
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Females with egg sac in May.
Figures
Distribution List
Albania   ( Vrenozi & Jäger, 2012; ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Knoflach B (1999) The comb-footed spider genera Neottiura and Coleosoma in Europe (Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 71: 341-371 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78: 379-393

Vrenozi B, Jäger P (2012) A faunistic study on ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in the Tirana district, Albania. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 81-87

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
19-02-2019 Distribution update Detail