Theridiidae  Sundevall, 1833 / Neottiura  Menge, 1868   6 species

Neottiura herbigrada  (Simon, 1873)


Palp dark. Femur and patella swollen. Cymbium comparatively small. Prosoma median elevation on posterior margin, anterior median eyes smaller than other eyes. Prosoma 1.2-1.3 mm long. Prosoma and sternum uniform reddish brown. Femur with many dark spots. Male: rugose, ventrally with haired warts. Sternum and legs as in female. Opisthosoma with stridulatory ring forming 2 lobes. Opisthosoma dorsally brown with black and white patches, ventrally as in female.

Body length male: 2.3-3.1 mm

Palp female: annulated. Prosoma light to dark brown, with reticulate pattern. Prosoma 0.8-1 mm long. Sternum light to dark brown. Legs light yellow, with dark patches and stripes. Opisthosoma posteriorly with a small tubercle, dorsally whitish, with 2 lateral series of 3 or 4 black spots and a single median spot posteriorly, ventrally dark, pattern as in N. curvimana.

Body length female: 2-2.7 mm
Additional information

In olive grove, among dry grass or under stones, on chestnut tree or in Eucalyptus forest. Egg sac globular, 2 mm in diameter, white, with about 30 eggs.

Frequency: Widely distributed

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Madeira, Mediterranean, Ukraine, China, Korea
 male  female
Females with egg sac in May.
Distribution List
Albania   ( Vrenozi & Jäger, 2012; ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) ||| Ukraine   ( no references ) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Knoflach B (1999) The comb-footed spider genera Neottiura and Coleosoma in Europe (Araneae, Theridiidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 71: 341-371 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pesarini C (2000) Contributo alla conoscenza della fauna araneologica italiana (Araneae). Mem Soc Entomol Ital 78: 379-393

Vrenozi B, Jäger P (2012) A faunistic study on ground-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in the Tirana district, Albania. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 44: 81-87

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

19-02-2019 Distribution update Detail