Mysmenidae  Petrunkevitch, 1928 / Trogloneta  Simon, 1922   1 species

Trogloneta granulum  Simon, 1922


Embolus short. Epigyne without scapus, posterior margin sclerotised. Prosoma brownish yellow, male: with uniformly descending dorsal line, anterior median eyes smaller than other eyes. Legs brownish yellow. Metatarsus I male: with thorn. Opisthosoma whitish.

Body length male: 0.9 mm
Body length female: 1.1 mm
Additional information

In litter layer of subalpine beech forests, in blocky debris, 700-1000 m a.s.l. This species constructs three-dimensional webs, resembling (if viewed from above) the small orbs built by orb-weavers of some Araneidae.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Europe
 male  female
Distribution List
Austria   (Thaler, 1975a) ||| Czechia   (no references) ||| France   (Thaler, 1975a) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Ireland   (Lavery, 2019) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019; Thaler, 1975a) ||| Northern Ireland   (Lavery, 2019) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| United Kingdom   (Gallon, 2020; Lavery, 2019) |||

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Breuss W (2001) Bemerkenswerte Spinnen aus Vorarlberg (Österreich) - I (Arachnida: Araneae: Lycosidae, Theridiidae, Mysmenidae, Gnaphosidae, Salticidae). Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 88: 183-193 pdf

Gallon R C (2020) Trogloneta granulum Simon, 1922 in North Wales (Araneae, Mysmenidae). Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 147: 15-16 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Thaler K (1975a) Trogloneta granulum Simon, eine weitere Reliktart der Nordostalpen (Arachnida, Aranei, "Symphytognathidae"). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 82: 283-291 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Wunderlich J (1980d) Über europäische Symphytognathidae (Arach.: Araneae). Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 23: 259-273 pdf

09-05-2020 Distribution update Detail
09-05-2020 Image insert
18-12-2014 Image insert