Liocranidae  Simon, 1897 / Scotina  Menge, 1873   4 species

Scotina gracilipes  (Blackwall, 1859)

Description

Tibial apophysis large and broad. Embolus small. Epigyne with parallel cuticular bars medially. Prosoma brown, with vague black pattern. Legs black, coxa light yellow. Femur light yellow. Opisthosoma olive-black with reddish brown to light brown or yellow spots.

Body length male: 2.4-3.2 mm
Body length female: 3.2-3.8 mm
Additional information

In dry meadows, heathland, in forests and moors, in litter and moss

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Distribution comment: Not in Czechia and Hungary (Řezáč et al. 2015 and Samu & Szinetár 1999 contra Grimm 1986)
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Belgium   (no references) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Denmark   (no references) ||| Estonia   (no references) ||| Finland   (Koponen et al., 2016) ||| France   (no references) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Ireland   (no references) ||| Latvia   (Cera, 2018) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| Northern Ireland   (no references) ||| Norway   (Aakra & Hauge, 2003) ||| Poland   (no references) ||| Russia, Kaliningrad Region   (no references) ||| Sweden   (Kronestedt, 2001) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Aakra K, Hauge E (2003) Checklist of Norwegian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae), including Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 50: 109-129 pdf

Brændegaard J (1966) Edderkopper: Eller Spindlere I Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224 pdf

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Grimm U (1986) Die Clubionidae Mitteleuropas: Corinninae und Liocranidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 27: 1-91 pdf

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm pdf

Kronestedt T (2001) Checklist of Spiders (Araneae) in Sweden [Preliminary version February 2001] pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. pdf

Løvbrekke H (unpubl.)

Řezáč M, Kůrka A, Růžička V, Heneberg P (2015) Red List of Czech spiders: 3rd edition, adjusted according to evidence-based national conservation priorities. Biologia 70: 645-666 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

Samu F, Szinetár C (1999) Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 161-184 pdf

Tullgren A (1946) Svensk spindelfauna. 3. Egentiliga spinddlar. Araneae Fam 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Stockholm (Entomol Fören.): 141 pp. pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
21-09-2019 Image insert
04-02-2019 Datasheet update Detail
04-11-2015 Image insert