Theridiosomatidae  Simon, 1881 / Theridiosoma  O. P.-Cambridge, 1879   1 species

Theridiosoma gemmosum  (L. Koch, 1877)

Description

Male palp approximately as large as prosoma, very complex. Epigyne with shallow groove covered by robust chitinous bulge. Prosoma light brown, with fine net-like pattern, eye region darker. Sternum dark brown, slightly brighter medially. Chelicerae brown. Legs brown, sometimes spotted or annulated with black. Opisthosoma irregularly patterned with black, bright areas strikingly shining pearly.

Body length male: 1.5-1.6 mm
Body length female: 2-2.3 mm
Additional information

In bog forests, in water bank vegetation, web above water surface of little puddles

Frequency: Rarely found, widely distributed

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2019): North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Crespo L (2008) Contribution to the knowledge of the Portuguese spider (Arachnida: Araneae) fauna: seven new additions to the Portuguese checklist. Bol Soc Ent Ara 43: 403-407

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2018 [last updated 1 January 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info

Farlund M (2012) Norwegian Spiders - Norske edderkopper. Online at http://crocea.wordpress.com/norsk-artsliste/

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Loksa I (1972) Pokok II-Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 3.1-3.112

Machač O, Ivinskis P, Rimšaitė J (2016) Several new for the Lithuanian fauna species of spiders (Araneae). Naujos ir retos Lietuvos vabzdžių rūšys 28: 121-126

Otto S (2017) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 08.2017. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2018) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version June 2018). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Wiehle H (1937) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea, VIII. 26: Familie Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Tierwelt Deutschlands 33

World Spider Catalog (2018) World Spider Catalog, version 19.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (15.07.2018) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
22-02-2017 Distribution update Old value
21-10-2015 Distribution update Old value
26-02-2014 Distribution update Old value
01-12-2013 Distribution update Old value