Mimetidae  Simon, 1881 / Ero  C. L. Koch, 1837   8 species

Ero furcata  (Villers, 1789)

Description

Palp male: tibia approximately 2.7 times as long as wide. Cymbium oval, proximally elevated, forming a conical tubercle. Conductor with prolateral furrow. Tip typically with retrolateral and ventral, finger-shaped processes. Paracymbium with bipartite, whitish basal process. Epigyne with characteristic lateral lobes. Median part wider than long and posteriorly bordered by chitinous wall. Septum white, longish. Vulva with short entrance ducts and round receptacula. Prosoma yellowish-brown, eye region and a broad stripe on margin darker, almost black. A black line between dorsal groove and eye region. Sternum yellowish-white, with dark spots. Chelicerae dark brown to black. Legs yellowish, annulated with red-brown to black. Opisthosoma anterior of tubercles dark, brighter spotted posteriorly, black, reddish and grey on yellow background.

Body length male: 2.5-3 mm
Body length female: 3.5-4.8 mm
Additional information

on trees, bushes and shrubs near the ground

Frequency: Widely distributed, most frequent species of the genus, but difficult to find

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Turkmenistan, Japan
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Figures
Distribution List
Austria   ( no references ) ||| Belarus   ( no references ) ||| Belgium   ( no references ) ||| Bosnia and Herzegovina   ( no references ) ||| Bulgaria   ( Blagoev et al., 2018; ) ||| Croatia   ( no references ) ||| Czechia   ( no references ) ||| Denmark   ( no references ) ||| Estonia   ( no references ) ||| Finland   ( Koponen et al., 2016; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Georgia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Germany   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Hungary   ( no references ) ||| Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Latvia   ( Cera, 2018; ) ||| Liechtenstein   ( no references ) ||| Lithuania   ( no references ) ||| Luxembourg   ( no references ) ||| Moldova   ( no references ) ||| Montenegro   ( no references ) ||| Netherlands   ( no references ) ||| Northern Ireland   ( no references ) ||| Norway   ( no references ) ||| Poland   ( no references ) ||| Portugal   ( no references ) ||| Romania   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Central   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Kaliningrad Region   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Northern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Russia, Western   ( no references ) ||| Serbia   ( no references ) ||| Slovakia   ( no references ) ||| Slovenia   ( Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Sweden   ( no references ) ||| Switzerland   ( no references ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( no references ) ||| Ukraine   ( Polchaninova & Prokopenko, 2019; ) ||| United Kingdom   ( no references ) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018)

Cera I (2018) The checklist of Latvian spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). Environmental and Experimental Biology 16: 139-152 pdf

Fjellberg A (unpubl.)

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Koponen S, Fritzén N R, Pajunen T (2016) Checklist of spiders in Finland (Araneae). 6th version, December 2016, online at http://biolcoll.utu.fi/arach/checklist_of_spiders_in_Finland.htm

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1953) British Spiders 2. Ray Soc London

Locket G H, Millidge A F, Merrett P (1974) British Spiders 3. Ray Soc London

Marusik Y M, Kunt K B (2011) Spiders (Aranei) new to the fauna of Turkey. 9. Two new family records (Mysmenidae and Synaphridae) and one species record of Mimetidae. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 7: 3-5

Mikhailov K G (2013) The spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Russia and adjacent countries: a non-annotated checklist. Arthropoda Selecta, Supplement 3: 1-262 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Polchaninova N, Prokopenko E (2019) An updated checklist of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of Left-Bank Ukraine. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 57: 60-64 & App pdf

Ponomarev A V (2008a) Additions to the fauna of spiders (Aranei) of the from south of Russia and western Kazakhstan: new taxa and finds. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 4: 49-61 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe. Collins Field Guide Bath

Staudt A, Weber D, Nährig D (2013) Webspinnen (Arachnida,  Araneae) aus Höhlen des Grossherzogtums Luxemburgs. Ferrantia 69: 115-157

Thaler K, van Harten A, Knoflach B (2004) Pirate spiders of the genus Ero C.L. Koch from southern Europe, Yemen, and Ivory Coast, with two new species (Arachnida, Araneae, Mimetidae). Denisia 13: 359-368

Wiehle H (1953) Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae), IX. Orthognatha-Cribellata-Haplogynae, Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Tierwelt Deutschlands 42

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
31-12-2019 Image insert
03-10-2017 Distribution update Detail
10-09-2013 Image insert
28-04-2013 Distribution update Detail