Symphytognathidae  Hickman, 1931 / Anapistula  Gertsch, 1941   1 species

Anapistula ataecina  Cardoso & Scharff, 2009




Vulva: spermathecae globular, clearly visible through the cuticula, median duct broad, about 0.25 times the width of the spermathecae, lateral ducts short. Prosoma, sternum and chelicerae yellowish brown. Prosoma 0.23 mm long. Eyes: PLE separated by more than 6 times their diameter, ALE and PLE contiguous. Clypeus high, about 3 times the diameter of ALE, with 6 long setae in 2 groups. Labium wider than long, fused to sternum. 4 eyes. Legs: darker, tarsus nearly twice as long as metatarsus, patella with a long strong dorsal seta. Opisthosoma globular, light yellowish brown.

Body length female: 0.52 (excl. chelicerae) mm
Additional information

Cavernicole species. Egg sacs hanging from the web, with 2 or 3 eggs. As in other species, the web is sheet-like, horizontal, but in A. ataecina there are a number of vertical threads which suspend the web from above.

Troglobiont species (Mammola et al., 2022)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Portugal
 male  female
Egg sacs from December to May.
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) |||

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Cardoso P, Scharff N (2009) First record of the spider family Symphytognathidae in Europe and description of Anapistula ataecina sp. n. (Araneae). Zootaxa 2246: 46-57 pdf

Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522 pdf

Mammola S, Pavlek M, Huber B A, Ballarin F, Tolve M, Čupić I, Hesselberg T, Lunghi E, Mouron S, Graco-Roza C, Cardoso P (2022) A trait database and updated checklist for European subterranean spiders. Scientific Data 9(236): 1-13 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf