Segestriidae  Simon, 1893 / Segestria  Latreille, 1804   9 species

Segestria florentina  (Rossi, 1790)

Description
Male

Palp : the embolus is shorter than in S. senoculata, and not bifurcal. Palp with blunt tip of bulbus. Prosoma black. Sternum red-brown to dark brown-black. Metatarsus I laterally with one pair of spines. Opisthosoma black, sometimes appearing grey due to bright hairs.

Body length male: 10-15 mm
Female

Sternum reddish-brown to dark brown, as coxa. Clypeus as wide as or wider than diameter of anterior lateral eyes. Chelicerae with a metallic green sheen. Leg I black, legs II, III and IV reddish-brown, without annulations in adults, metatarsus I with one short median ventral spine at apex, one pair of ventrolateral spines, and close to the pair a single median spine. Opisthosoma: in adults, uniform blackish-brown with a purplish sheen, dorsally a lobed band scarcely distinct, in juveniles the opisthosoma is lighter and the dorsal band much more distinct.

Body length female: 14-22 mm
Additional information

Juveniles of S. florentina look like adults of S. bavarica. In forests, under barks and stones, rock crevices, stone walls, semi-dry grasslands, littoral, under shingle, in houses.

Distribution
  Presence
  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2021): Europe, northern Africa, Jordan, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Georgia. Introduced to Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
Phenology
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 male  female
Adults of both sexes in spring, summer and autumn.
Figures
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2020) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Kovács & Szinetár, 2004) ||| Ireland   (Nolan, 2008) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2020b) ||| Serbia   (Komnenov & Pavićević, 2008) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2019) ||| Ukraine   (Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2020b) ||| United Kingdom   (no references) |||
References

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). [N.B.: few records from this paper are not taken over and not commented] Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M (1976c) Ragni d'Italia XXIV. Note sulla morfologia dei genitali interni dei Segestriidae e cenni sulle specie italiane (Araneae). Fragmenta Entomologica 12: 19-62 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at http://www.spidersofturkey.info pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M, Pavićević D (2008) First record of the spider Segestria florentina (Rossi, 1790) (Araneae, Segestriidae) in Serbia. Protection of Nature 58: 169-173 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kovács G, Szinetár C (2004) Az olasz darócpók, Segestria florentina (Rossi, 1790), (Araneae, Segestriidae) előkerülése Magyarországon [The first record of Segestria florentina from Hungary]. Folia Entomologica Hungarica 65: 234-238 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Nolan M (2008) First records of three spider species in Ireland (Araneae): Glyphesis cottonae (La Touche), Mioxena blanda (Simon) (Linyphiidae) and Segestria florentina (Rossi) (Segestriidae). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 32: 132-141 pdf

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2020b) New species and new records of spiders (Aranei) in the south of Russia. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 16: 299-309 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

WSC (2021) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (03.01.2021) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

Updates
21-12-2020 Distribution insert Detail
21-12-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-10-2020 Gallery image insert
23-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
04-05-2017 Distribution update Detail