Segestriidae  Simon, 1893 / Segestria  Latreille, 1804   9 species

Segestria florentina  (Rossi, 1790)


Palp : the embolus is shorter than in S. senoculata, and not bifurcal. Palp with blunt tip of bulbus. Prosoma black. Sternum red-brown to dark brown-black. Metatarsus I laterally with one pair of spines. Opisthosoma black, sometimes appearing grey due to bright hairs.

Body length male: 10-15 mm

Sternum reddish-brown to dark brown, as coxa. Clypeus as wide as or wider than diameter of anterior lateral eyes. Chelicerae with a metallic green sheen. Leg I black, legs II, III and IV reddish-brown, without annulations in adults, metatarsus I with one short median ventral spine at apex, one pair of ventrolateral spines, and close to the pair a single median spine. Opisthosoma: in adults, uniform blackish-brown with a purplish sheen, dorsally a lobed band scarcely distinct, in juveniles the opisthosoma is lighter and the dorsal band much more distinct.

Body length female: 14-22 mm
Additional information

Juveniles of S. florentina look like adults of S. bavarica. In forests, under barks and stones, rock crevices, stone walls, semi-dry grasslands, littoral, under shingle, in houses.

  Not established
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2023): Europe, northern Africa, Jordan, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia (Europe), Georgia. Introduced to Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
 male  female
Adults of both sexes in spring, summer and autumn.
Distribution List
Algeria   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Andorra   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Belgium   (no references) ||| Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Croatia   (no references) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| France   (no references) ||| France / Corsica   (no references) ||| Georgia   (Otto, 2022) ||| Germany   (no references) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Hungary   (Kovács & Szinetár, 2004) ||| Ireland   (Nolan, 2008) ||| Italy   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Italy / Sicily   (Pantini & Isaia, 2019) ||| Montenegro   (no references) ||| Morocco   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Netherlands   (no references) ||| North Macedonia   (no references) ||| Portugal   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Romania   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2020b) ||| Serbia   (Komnenov & Pavićević, 2008) ||| Slovakia   (no references) ||| Slovenia   (Kostanjšek & Kuntner, 2015) ||| Spain   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   (Branco et al., 2019) ||| Switzerland   (no references) ||| Tunisia   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2022) ||| Ukraine   (Ponomarev & Shmatko, 2020b) ||| United Kingdom   (Lavery, 2019) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Branco V V, Morano E, Cardoso P (2019) An update to the Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 4614: 201-254 pdf

Brignoli P M (1976c) Ragni d'Italia XXIV. Note sulla morfologia dei genitali interni dei Segestriidae e cenni sulle specie italiane (Araneae). Fragmenta Entomologica 12: 19-62 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2022) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2022 [last updated 24 August 2022], online at pdf

Heimer S, Nentwig W (1991) Spinnen Mitteleuropas. Paul Parey Berlin pdf

Komnenov M, Pavićević D (2008) First record of the spider Segestria florentina (Rossi, 1790) (Araneae, Segestriidae) in Serbia. Protection of Nature 58: 169-173 pdf

Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91 pdf

Kovács G, Szinetár C (2004) Az olasz darócpók, Segestria florentina (Rossi, 1790), (Araneae, Segestriidae) előkerülése Magyarországon [The first record of Segestria florentina from Hungary]. Folia Entomologica Hungarica 65: 234-238 pdf

Lavery A (2019) A revised checklist of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Arachnology 18: 196-212 pdf

Locket G H, Millidge A F (1951) British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. pdf

Nolan M (2008) First records of three spider species in Ireland (Araneae): Glyphesis cottonae (La Touche), Mioxena blanda (Simon) (Linyphiidae) and Segestria florentina (Rossi) (Segestriidae). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 32: 132-141 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) the online catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other arachnid orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Shmatko V Y (2020b) New species and new records of spiders (Aranei) in the south of Russia. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 16: 299-309 pdf

Roberts M J (1995) Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.5. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.07.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

21-12-2020 Distribution insert Detail
21-12-2020 Distribution update Detail
16-10-2020 Gallery image insert
23-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
08-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
04-05-2017 Distribution update Detail