Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Heser  Tuneva, 2004   6 species

Heser nilicola  (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1874)

Description
Male

Embolus enormously elongated.

Body length male: 2.8-3.7 mm
Female

Massive epigynal ducts.

Body length female: 3.1-3.8 mm
Additional information

also in citrus groves

Distribution
  Presence
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Mediterranean, Canary Is. Introduced to USA, Mexico
Figures
Distribution List
Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Egypt   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) ||| France   ( no references ) ||| France / Corsica   ( no references ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Italy   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sardinia   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Italy / Sicily   ( Pantini & Isaia, 2019; ) ||| Malta   ( Pfliegler et al., 2017; ) ||| Spain   ( no references ) ||| Spain / Balearic Islands   ( no references ) ||| Tunisia   ( Bosmans, unpubl.; ) |||
References

Barrientos J A, Febrer B (2017) Arañas (Arachnida, Araneae) de Menorca (Islas Baleares, España). Nuevos datos. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 31: 8-24 pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Chatzaki M, Thaler K, Mylonas M (2003) Ground spiders (Gnaphosidae; Araneae) from Crete and adjacent areas of Greece. Taxonomy and distribution. III. Zelotes and allied genera. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 110: 45-89 pdf

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

Mestre L, Piñol J, Barrientos J A, Cama A, Espadaler X (2012) Effects of ant competition and bird predation on the spider assemblage of a citrus grove. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 355-362

Pantini P, Isaia M (2019) Araneae.it: the online Catalog of Italian spiders, with addenda on other Arachnid Orders occurring in Italy (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). http://araneae.it. Fragmenta Entomologica 51: 127-152 pdf

Pfliegler W A, Schönhofer A, Niedbała W, Vella P, Sciberras A, Vella A (2017) New records of mites (Acari) and harvestmen (Opiliones) from Malta with a preliminary checklist of Maltese Arachnida. Soil Organisms 89: 85-110 pdf

Platnick N I, Shadab M U (1983) A revision of the American spiders of the genus Zelotes (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 174: 97-192 pdf

Senglet A (2012) Civizelotes new genus, and other new or little known Zelotinae (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 119: 501-528 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

Updates
30-12-2017 Distribution update Detail
25-03-2014 Image insert
09-04-2013 Distribution update Detail