Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Synaphosus  Platnick & Shadab, 1980   9 species

Synaphosus palearcticus  Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994


Tibial apophysis retrolaterally with hook. Embolus long, thread-like, with pointed process on retrolateral base. Epigyne anteriorly with depression. Vulva with strongly convoluted receptacula.

Body length male: 3.1 mm
Body length female: 4.15 mm
Additional information

On Crete in Phrygana

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Greece, Turkey to Central Asia
Distribution List
Armenia   (Otto, 2022; Ovtsharenko et al., 1994) ||| Azerbaijan   (Otto, 2022; Ovtsharenko et al., 1994) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (Chatzaki et al., 2002b) ||| Greece / Crete   (Chatzaki et al., 2002b) ||| Russia, Eastern   (no references) ||| Russia, Southern   (Otto, 2022; Ponomarev et al., 2008) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) ||| Ukraine   (Kovblyuk et al., 2016) |||

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Chatzaki M, Thaler K, Mylonas M (2002b) Ground spiders (Gnaphosidae, Araneae) of Crete and adjacent areas of Greece. Taxonomy and distribution. II. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 109: 603-633 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at pdf

Kovblyuk M M, Gnelitsa V A, Nadolny A A, Kastrygina Z A, Kukushkin, O V (2016) Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of the Karadag Nature Reserve (Crimea). Ekosystemy 3(33): 3-288 pdf

Otto S (2022) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 02.2022. Internet:

Ovtsharenko V I, Levy G, Platnick N I (1994) A review of the ground spider genus Synaphosus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). American Museum Novitates 3095: 1-27 pdf

Ponomarev A V, Belosludtsev E A, Dvadnenko K V (2008) Spiders (Aranei) of the lower Volga region (Astrakhan and Volgograd areas of Russia) with the description of new taxa. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 4: 163-185 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

26-07-2020 Image insert
26-07-2020 Distribution update Detail
26-07-2020 Distribution insert Detail
06-10-2015 Distribution update Detail