Gnaphosidae  Pocock, 1898 / Synaphosus  Platnick & Shadab, 1980   8 species

Synaphosus palearcticus  Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994


Tibial apophysis retrolaterally with hook. Embolus long, thread-like, with pointed process on retrolateral base. Epigyne anteriorly with depression. Vulva with strongly convoluted receptacula.

Body length male: 3.1 mm
Body length female: 4.15 mm
Additional information

On Crete in Phrygana

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2020): Greece, Turkey to Central Asia
Distribution List
Armenia   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Azerbaijan   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Cyprus   ( Bosmans et al., 2019c; ) ||| Greece   ( no references ) ||| Greece / Crete   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Eastern   ( no references ) ||| Russia, Southern   ( Otto, 2020; ) ||| Turkey (Asia)   ( Danışman et al., 2019; ) |||

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Chatzaki M, Thaler K, Mylonas M (2002b) Ground spiders (Gnaphosidae, Araneae) of Crete and adjacent areas of Greece. Taxonomy and distribution. II. Rev Suisse Zool 109: 603-633

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2019) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2019 [last updated 1 June 2019], online at

Helsdingen P J van (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at

Otto S (2020) Caucasian spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus Ecoregion. Database version 03.2020. Internet:

Ponomarev A V, Belosludtsev E A, Dvadnenko K V (2008) Spiders (Aranei) of the lower Volga region (Astrakhan and Volgograd areas of Russia) with the description of new taxa. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 4: 163-185 pdf

World Spider Catalog (2020) World Spider Catalog. Version 21.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (20.03.2020) doi: 10.24436/2

06-10-2015 Distribution update Detail