Gnaphosidae  Banks, 1892 / Civizelotes  Senglet, 2012   13 species

Civizelotes solstitialis  (Levy, 1998)


Resembles C. caucasius, but larger. Deep brown to black, with black scutum. Chelicerae with 4-5 promarginal teeth. Palp: No prolateral tegular apophysis, retrolateral tip of the embolar base is more pronounced and the embolus itself is longer, reaching almost to the tip of the cymbium. The tibial apophysis has an additional broad, ventral lobe. Prosoma length: 2.6-3.2 mm, prosoma width: 1.9-2.3 mm.

Body length male: 5.4-7 mm

Resembles C. caucasius, but larger. Epigyne: Relatively very large with light, swollen, slightly widened, heart-shaped platelet placed under anterior transverse rim. Small gland on the lateral side of each dorsal pouch. Prosoma length: 2.6-3.1 mm, prosoma width: 1.9-2.4 mm.

Body length female: 5.8-8.3 mm
  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2024): Italy (Sardinia), Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan
Distribution List

"No references" does not mean that the species does not occur in this country, but that we have not yet inserted the reference for it. We are working on it.

Bulgaria   (Blagoev et al., 2018) ||| Cyprus   (Bosmans et al., 2019c) ||| Greece   (Senglet, 2012) ||| Greece / Crete   (no references) ||| Italy / Sardinia   (Caria et al., 2021) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2024) |||

Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Naumova M (2018) The spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. Version: August 2018. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Online at (accessed on 10.9.2018) pdf

Bosmans R, Van Keer J, Russell-Smith A, Hadjiconstantis M, Komnenov M, Bosselaers J, Huber S, McCowan D, Snazell R, Decae A, Zoumides C, Kielhorn K-H, Oger P (2019c) Spiders of Cyprus (Araneae). A catalogue of all currently known species from Cyprus. Newsletter of the Belgian Arachnological Society 34, Suppl. 1: 1-173 pdf

Caria M, Pantini P, Alamanni F, Ancona C, Cillo D, Bazzato E (2021) New records and interesting data for the Sardinian spider fauna (Arachnida: Araneae). Fragmenta Entomologica 53: 321-331 pdf

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S, Coşar İ (2024) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2024 [last updated 01 January 2024], online at pdf

Deltshev C, Lazarov S, Blagoev G (2004) Spiders (Araneae) from the eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). In Beron, P. & A. Popov (eds.) Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 2. Biodiversity of eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). Pensoft, Sofia, pp. 181-188 pdf

Senglet A (2012) Civizelotes new genus, and other new or little known Zelotinae (Araneae, Gnaphosidae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 119: 501-528 pdf

WSC (2024) World Spider Catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (22.01.2024) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

05-12-2021 Image insert
05-12-2021 Distribution insert Detail
25-06-2020 Distribution update Detail
13-06-2016 Datasheet update Detail