Sparassidae  Bertkau, 1872 / Heteropoda  Latreille, 1804   2 species

Heteropoda variegata  (Simon, 1874)


Males with embolus arising in 1- to 2-o’clock-position (in left palpus in ventral view), retrotibial apophysis with 1 long dorsal extension.


Females with median septum visible between lateral lobes. Copulatory ducts twisted in wide coils, extending posterior spermathecae laterally.

Additional information

In caves, cellars, under stones in the eastern Mediterranean region.

Troglophile species (Mammola et al. 2018)

  No data
Global distribution (WSC 2022): Greece to Israel
 male  female
Distribution List
Egypt   (Bosmans, unpubl.) ||| Greece   (no references) ||| Turkey (Asia)   (Danışman et al., 2021a) |||

Bosmans R. (unpubl.) Provisional list of spiders of North Africa. Database excerpt Aug. 2019

Danışman T, Kunt K B, Özkütük R S (2021a) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2021 [last updated 1 January 2021], online at pdf

Jäger P (unpubl.)

Levy G (1989) The family of huntsman spiders in Israel with annotations on species of the Middle East (Araneae: Sparassidae). Journal of Zoology, London 217: 127-176 pdf

Mammola S, Cardoso P, Ribera C, Pavlek M, Isaia M (2018b) A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe. Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 56: 301-316 pdf

WSC (2022) World Spider Catalog. Version 23.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at (21.01.2022) doi: 10.24436/2 pdf

26-01-2016 Image insert